Bhumibol Adulyadej

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Bhumibol Adulyadej

(po͞o`mēpôl' ädo͝ol`yädĕt'), 1927–2016, king of Thailand (1946–2016), b. Cambridge, Mass. A member of the Chakri dynasty, he was at school in Switzerland when his brother, King Ananda Mahidol, died (1946) under mysterious circumstances. Bhumibol ruled with a regent until 1950, when he was formally crowned Rama IX. The longest-ruling monarch in Thailand's history, he also became in 2000 the longest-reigning ruler in the world. He enjoyed great popular support and became a symbol of national unity. Although his power was largely ceremonial, he actively promoted development projects and was generally a stabilizing force in the country's turbulent politics, intervening several times to resolve governmental crises or criticize government leaders. He generally supported democratic rule, but his displeasure with the government of Prime Minister Thaksin ShinawatraThaksin Shinawatra
, 1949–, Thai business executive and political leader, b. Chiang Mai. Born into a wealthy merchant family, he went into the Thai police service in 1973 and continued his criminal-justice education in the United States.
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 partially contributed to the coup that ousted Thaksin, and he subsequently gave his approval to the coup and new government. He was succeeded by his son, Maha VajiralongkornMaha Vajiralongkorn
(Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun), 1952–, king of Thailand (2016–). He attended school in Australia, where he graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon, and Univ.
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. His name is also romanized as Phumiphon Adunyadet (or Adunlayadet).

Bibliography

See study by P. M. Handley (2006).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The Bhumipol Foundation also produced a study of the Ariyaka and other scripts: Akson Khom lae Akson Boran Thong Thin [The Ariyaka script and original ancient scripts] (Bangkok: Munitthi Bhumipol, 2519 [1976]).
Class and rural-urban tensions have thus become intertwined with the issue of the proper role of the monarchy at a time when succession to the generally respected King Bhumipol draws nearer.
The research was conducted by Gene-Hua Crystal Ng, King Bhumipol, Professor Dennis McLaughlin, Professor Dara Entekhabi, from MIT, and Bridget Scanlon, a senior researcher at the University of Texas.
It has recently been revealed that former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad had, in his personal capacity, initiated a series of peace talks with the Thai Muslim rebel leaders, an initiative said to have been backed by Thai King Bhumipol Adulyadej.
Instead, programmes were replaced with footage of the country's revered monarch King Bhumipol Adulyadej.
Launched in 1982 on the initiative of Her Royal Highness the Princess Mother, mother of Thailand's current monarch, King Bhumipol, the Mae Fah Luang Foundation and its Doi Tung Development Project are managed from cloud-girt headquarters located in Chiang Rai province's lofty Doi Tung mountain range.
Prince Poom, grandson of King Bhumipol Adulyadej, was brought up in America but has lived in Thailand, in the Grand Palace, since his teenage years.
The man with the biggest number of honorary degrees is King Bhumipol of Thailand, with 136.
The Australians do; they have become the third largest wine exporter to Ireland; * King Bhumipol Adulyadej of Thailand has encouraged Thais to drink red wine because it is good for the heart.
In Thailand he was an adviser to the Institute of Public Administration at Thammasat University, Bangkok, and was awarded the prestigious rank of commander in the Royal Order of the White Elephant, by King Bhumipol. He also worked on social development programs in Iran.
When Kelantan's chief monk died in 2005, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, daughter of King Bhumipol, contributed five sets of monk's robes as part of Thai royal sponsorship of the funeral.