Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

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Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali

(zo͝ol`fĭkär älē` bo͞ot`tō), 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub KhanAyub Khan, Muhammad
, 1907–74, military leader and president (1958–69) of Pakistan. He was commissioned in the British Indian army in 1928 and saw active service as a battalion commander in World War II.
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. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963. Critical of the Indo–Pakistan agreement ending the 1965 war, he left the government and formed (1967) the Pakistan People's party. In the 1970 elections his party won a majority in West Pakistan, but East Pakistan's Awami LeagueAwami League,
political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a
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, led by Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
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, won an overall majority. Bhutto's refusal to meet Mujibur's demands for East Pakistan's autonomy or for participation in the government led to the (1971) civil war and Indian intervention. (see India-Pakistan WarsIndia-Pakistan Wars,
name given to the series of conflicts between India and Pakistan since 1947, when the Indian subcontinent was partitioned and the two countries became independent of Great Britain. The most violent outbreaks came in 1947–48, 1965, and 1971.
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). When Pakistan was defeated, losing East Pakistan in Dec., 1971, Bhutto took over the presidency. In 1973, under a new constitution, he became prime minister instead, retaining government control. In Feb., 1974, he recognized the former East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Bhutto was reelected in 1977, but was overthrown in a coup by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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. Removed from office, Bhutto was convicted of conspiracy to murder. He was executed in 1979, despite international protests.


See his If I Am Assassinated (1979). See also S. Kulmar, The New Pakistan (1979); S. J. Burki, Pakistan Under Bhutto, 1971–1977 (1980).

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References in periodicals archive ?
He said that the martyrdom of Shaheed Shahnawaz Bhutto is a perfect case study for the new generation and generations to come to know about the designs and mindset of the forces of authoritarianism, which mercilessly silenced to death those who dare to speak for the people and their democratic rule over the country.
Among the leaders were Abdul Fatah Bhutto, Muhammad Punhal Luhar, Larkana Mayor Khair Muhammad Shaikh, District Council Chairman Khan Muhammad Sangroo, Tauqeer Fatima Bhutto, Dr Sakina Gaad and Syed Arshad Rashdi.
In a rejoinder to the speeches of Asif Ali Zardari and Bilawal Bhutto Zardari at Garhi Khuda Bux, he said if the PPP respected the courts, then why and against whom they had announced to launch the protest.
This he said in a statement issued here on Wednesday on 40th death anniversary of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. He added, 'No doubt 4th April is the darkest day in the history of Pakistan, because on this day, a great leader of the people, was hanged, who gave first Constitution to the people of this country.'
Ms Bhutto said at a public meeting held to mark the 40th death anniversary of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in Garhi Khuda Bakhsh Bhutto on Thursday that Bilawal was 30 but not free yet.
Chaudhry said that the PPP top leaders were running away for being accountable over their corrupt practices by using the name of Bhutto.
He also said that today's PPP was as much related to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as was Nawaz Sharif's Pakistan Muslim League-Nawa (PML-N) linked with Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.He questioned that for how long would the PPP leadership use the names of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto for personal gains.
Prominent personalities like banker Sirajuddin Aziz, Javed Jabbar, Dr Jafar Ahmed, Dr Nafees Qureshi and Iqbal Saleh Muhammad said that the book tries to explore Bhutto's personality in a new way through the lens of psychology.
He said that Shaheed Bhutto was a brave, courageous and a highly educated leader of Pakistan.
Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto had not changed her parental name even after her marriage with Asif Ali Zardari in mid 1980s and as daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto she had blood of Bhutto in her veins and was quite justified to a great extent in this regard.
Responding to the incident of protesters pelting stones and charging batons on the convoy of Bilawal Bhutto during his visit to Lyari, he said 'it's evident even today that Lyari still belongs to Bhutto'.
Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari and others also laid floral