Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

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Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali

(zo͝ol`fĭkär älē` bo͞ot`tō), 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub KhanAyub Khan, Muhammad
, 1907–74, military leader and president (1958–69) of Pakistan. He was commissioned in the British Indian army in 1928 and saw active service as a battalion commander in World War II.
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. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963. Critical of the Indo–Pakistan agreement ending the 1965 war, he left the government and formed (1967) the Pakistan People's party. In the 1970 elections his party won a majority in West Pakistan, but East Pakistan's Awami LeagueAwami League,
political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a
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, led by Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
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, won an overall majority. Bhutto's refusal to meet Mujibur's demands for East Pakistan's autonomy or for participation in the government led to the (1971) civil war and Indian intervention. (see India-Pakistan WarsIndia-Pakistan Wars,
name given to the series of conflicts between India and Pakistan since 1947, when the Indian subcontinent was partitioned and the two countries became independent of Great Britain. The most violent outbreaks came in 1947–48, 1965, and 1971.
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). When Pakistan was defeated, losing East Pakistan in Dec., 1971, Bhutto took over the presidency. In 1973, under a new constitution, he became prime minister instead, retaining government control. In Feb., 1974, he recognized the former East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Bhutto was reelected in 1977, but was overthrown in a coup by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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. Removed from office, Bhutto was convicted of conspiracy to murder. He was executed in 1979, despite international protests.


See his If I Am Assassinated (1979). See also S. Kulmar, The New Pakistan (1979); S. J. Burki, Pakistan Under Bhutto, 1971–1977 (1980).

References in periodicals archive ?
Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari intermingled with the visitors and many among them clicked selfies with the PPP Chairman.
Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari and others also laid floral
He said had Justice Waheed Uddin Ahmed not fallen ill and not separated himself from the bench hearing the appeal of Bhutto, the fate of the case would have been different.
Latif Khosa said that Asif Zardari proved himself as the real son-in-law of the Bhutto as he strengthened the democracy and devolved the powers to the prime minister under 1973 constitution.
Earlier in the morning, PPP Workers Group chairperson Naheed Khan along with local leader Mohammad Ibn-e-Rizvi, accompanied by 50 to 60 workers, gathered at Benazir's monument at Liaquat Bagh and held Quran Khawani and offered Fateha for Benazir BHutto.
Benazir Bhutto, Premiere ministre a deux reprises (1988 a 1990, 1993 a 1996), avait ete assassinee le 27 decembre 2007 apres un meeting a Rawalpindi, ville jumelle de la capitale Islamabad, peu apres son retour d'exil et a la veille d'elections.
Begum Nusrat married Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan in 1951 and became First Lady after his election to the office of the Prime Minister in 1973.
Bhutto, widow of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, former prime minister and founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), was the chairperson of the party from 1979-1983 before her daughter Benazir Bhutto took over the reins.
April 4, 1979 - Ms Bhutto's father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, is executed for the murder of a political opponent, two years after he was ousted as prime minister in a military coup.
KARACHI -- The 90th Birth Anniversary of the founder Chairman of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) and the former Prime Minister of Pakistan Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was celebrated here Friday with great zeal and enthusiasm In this connection Qura'an Khawani was held in the Mausoleum of Bhutto's family at Garhi Khuda Bux Bhutto.
LARKANA -- Sindh Minister for Industries Manzoor Hussain Wassan visited the Mausoleum of Bhutto family in Garhi Khuda Bakhsh, here on Saturday.