Benazir Bhutto

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Bhutto, Benazir

(bĕn'əzĭr` bo͞o`tō), 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali BhuttoBhutto, Zulfikar Ali
, 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub Khan. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963.
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. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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 in 1977. Under detention and then in exile, she returned in 1986 to lead the Pakistan People's party (PPP) and to fight military rule. In Nov., 1988, three months after President Zia ul-Haq died in a plane crash, Bhutto's alliance gained a narrow majority in parliamentary elections, and she became prime minister, the first female leader of a Muslim nation. Her government, marked by continuous intrigue and able to accomplish little, was dismissed by President Gulam Ishaq Khan in Aug., 1990. He accused her, her husband, Asif Ali ZardariZardari, Asif Ali
, 1955–, Pakistani politician, president of Pakistan (2008–13), b. Nawabshah. From a wealthy, prominent family, he studied at St. Patrick's College in Pakistan and the London School of Business Studies in England.
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, and her party of corruption. Zardari was held (1990–93) on various charges, although eventually acquitted, and the PPP lost the late 1990 elections.

In 1993, Bhutto again became prime minister. By then a more seasoned politician, she made alliances, including with the military, that enabled her to deal with some of Pakistan's deep-seated problems. In Nov., 1996, though, her government was again dismissed. Zardari was accused of murdering Bhutto's brother, a political rival, as well as of accepting kickbacks, and was imprisoned; sweeping corruption charges were brought against Bhutto. In 1999, Bhutto and Zardari were both convicted of corruption; Bhutto appealed the verdict while living in exile in England and the United Arab Emirates.

In 2001 the Pakistani supreme court set aside the corruption charges facing Bhutto and Zardari and ordered their retrial, but a Swiss court convicted the couple of money laundering in 2003. Bhutto was barred from running in the 2002 Pakistani parliamentary elections. Zardari was released from prison in 2004, a move that appeared designed to improve the Musharraf government's relations with the PPP; he subsequently left Pakistan.

In Oct., 2007, after extended negotiations with the government, Bhutto returned to Pakistan, intending to run for prime minister in the scheduled Jan., 2008 elections. On her return, she survived an attempt on her life that killed more than 130 persons, but was assassinated two months later in an attack, widely ascribed to Islamic militants, that followed a political rally in Rawalpindi. A UN report, released in 2010, said Pakistani intelligence agencies had hampered the investigation into her murder. In 2017 the Islamist militants accused of her murder who had not been killed in military operations were acquitted; two police officials were convicted of negligence and mishandling the case; and former Pres. Pervez MusharrafMusharraf, Pervez
, 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a
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, accused of complicity, was declared a fugitive. Her son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, 1988–, assisted by her husband, succeeded her as PPP leader.

Bibliography

See her autobiography, Daughter of Destiny (1989, repr. 2008) and her Reconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West (2008).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The author gives negative comments about the former political elites, particularly Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto, and Mian Nawaz Sharif.
Speakers lauded the efforts and sacrifices of late Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto and their family for Pakistan and their commitment for democracy.
Fatima is the daughter of Murtaza Bhutto, Benazir's younger brother.
Towards the end of programme the participants offered fateha for the departed souls of Syed Abdullah Shah, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto and slain workers of PPP.
If slackness is the reason, then why were the cases of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto and Asghar Khan not taken up?
People's party is fortunate enough to provide mature leadership to the nation in the form of Zulifqar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto and Bilawal Bhutto.
KARACHI: Pakistan People's Party (PPP) on Saturday proposed the name of Aseefa Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto's youngest daughter, for contesting elections from Lyari or Tando Allahyar.Aseefa Bhutto will turn 25 years old next month making her eligible to contest elections from NA-248 in Lyari and NA-223 from Tando Allahyar.
Talking to media persons here at the residence of Syed Ali Nawaz Shah Rizvi, Syed Qaim Ali Shah said that the governments of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto and Asif Zardari have served the masses and it was the reason that the party remained alive in their hearts.
He said that PPP was the living and unblemished example of tolerance, which lost its giant leaders like elected Prime Ministers Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto and thousands of its workers.
They paid tributes to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto, Begum Nusrat Bhutto, Murtaza Bhutto and Shahnawaz Bhutto for struggling to uphold democracy and rendering unmatched sacrifices.
'You will see pictures of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto and Bilawal Bhutto on almost every poster.
Prominent political figures, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, Chaudhry Perwaiz Elahi, former Chief Minister Mian Manzoor Wattoo and many other political and social personalities were his fans.