Pi Sheng

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Pi Sheng


Chinese artisan who initiated book printing with movable letters.

Pi Sheng’s invention dates from 1041–48. Printing elements (hieroglyphs) of baked clay were fixed in iron typesetting forms by means of a resinous mixture that hardened upon cooling. The text was printed on paper after the letters were covered with india ink.


Flug, K. K. Istoriia kitaiskoi pechatnoi knigi Sunskoi epokhi X-XIII vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
La imprenta de caracteres moviles fue creada por Bi Sheng y fue el viajero e historiador persa Rasid Al-Din quien llevo--a traves de un libro--la idea a Europa.
Movable type printing dates back at least to Bi Sheng in China circa 1051, almost 400 years earlier.