Surprisingly, a new study using both laser ablation ICPMS and PIXE PIGME has sourced the most distant stemmed tool, from Biak Island (Friede 2005: II, 86; Figures 2 and 11) to the Umleang obsidian source on Lou Island, in Manus province (Figure 11) and represents the first evidence that this source was in use during the mid-Holocene (Torrence et al.
The Biak Island artefact is remarkably similar to stemmed tools found on Garua Island, just offshore from New Britain, but, surprisingly, it was made instead from obsidian that outcrops on Lou Island (Figures 1 and 11).
(in press) have also discussed at length why it is unlikely that the artefact was moved from Manus to Biak Island in recent years.
In a subsequent communication Yotam Wakum, Chairman of Legal Aid Institution Biak Customary Council, and Consultant and Law Advocate to the Biak Indigenous Council, has called on NGOs and the international community in general to take action "to campaign and raise awareness of this problem in international arenas." He reports that the Jakarta government has recently sent 2,000 military personnel, especially to Biak Island
, lending new urgency to international support.
On the Japanese stronghold of Biak Island
, he passed a bomb crater with the bodies of half-a-dozen Japanese soldiers with rubbish dumped over them.
It was on a trip to Biak Island
and Hollandia, in Dutch New Guinea in 1944, that I got jungle rot, a skin disease.
Principal battles: Meuse-Argonne (1918); Kiriwina and Woodlark Islands (1943); New Britain (1943-1944); Biak Island
, Hollandia (Jayapura), Morotai, Leyte (1944); Luzon (1945).
coast, Biak Island
Napido(ri) Galis 1964; Burial cave cave, W.
Eighteen people suffering from serious injuries have been flown to Biak Island
, north of the mainland, for treatment at the island's hospitals, he said.
When Lindbergh rejoined the 475th, it was flying from a new airstrip on Biak Island
. MacArthur's forces had been pushing the Japanese out of New Guinea, so enemy airplanes were increasingly scarce.