(byälôvyĕ`zhä), Belarusian Bielavieskaja pušča, Pol. Puszcza Białowieska, Rus. Belovezhskaya Pushcha, large forest, c.450 sq mi (1,170 sq km), E Poland and W Belarus. The last great first-growth forest of Europe, its varied trees (predominantly pines) shelter many animals, including boar, deer, European bison, and tarpan horse. It was a favorite hunting ground of Polish kings. It passed to Prussia in 1795, was annexed by Russia in 1807, but was restored to Poland in 1921 when the country was reestablished after World War I. The first Polish national park was established as forest reserve in the center of the forest in 1921. In 1939 the forest was incorporated into the USSR after its invasion and annexation of E Poland. After World War II nearly half of the region was returned to Poland. Today both sections of the forest have national parks, and the entire Polish section is protected under European Union directives.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In another sign of defiance against the EU, the nationalist and eurosceptic Polish government of the Law and Justice party has also ignored an order by the EU's highest court to cease logging in the Bialowieza forest.
Feeding habits of the otter and the American mink in Bialowieza Primeval Forest (Poland) compared to other Eurasian populations.
Rhythm of daily activity and behaviour of European bison in the Bialowieza forest in the period without snow cover.
In Europe, for instance, Wolves are known to prey and scavenge on European Bison (Bison bonasus) in the Bialowieza Forest, Poland, where both species have co-existed since the 1920s (Jedrzejewski and others 2002; Selva and others 2003).
Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea, Scolytidae and Platypodidae excluded) of the Bialowieza Primeval Forest: Characteristics of the fauna.
ricinus ticks), and the Bialowieza Primeval Forest National Park (northeastern Poland) (60 D.
Proceedings of the Conference, 3-4 June 1996, Bialowieza, Poland: Oficyna Wydawnicza AMB, 102.
Close to Bialystok are the world-famous Bierbsza Marshes and Bialowieza Forest, examples of extensive, pristine habitats.