Kaifeng

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Kaifeng

(kī-fŭng), city (1994 est. pop. 535,300), NE Henan prov., China, on the Longhai RR. It is a commercial, agricultural, and industrial center. Manufactures include agricultural machinery, zinc, textiles, fertilizer, chemicals, and processed foods. The Huang He (Yellow River), just to the north, has frequently flooded the city. Kaifeng has often been a major center of Chinese political and cultural life. Founded in the 3d cent. B.C., it was, as Bianliang, capital of the Five Dynasties (906–59) and then capital of the northern Sung dynasty (960–1127). Zoroastrians worshiped there, and in the 12th cent. a Jewish colony was established. The city fell to the Mongols in the 13th cent. Kaifeng was the provincial capital until superseded (1954) by Zhengzhou.

K’aifeng

 

a city in eastern China, in the province of Honan on the Great China Plain just south of the Huangho. Population, 289, 000 (1959). The city is a transportation junction. Its industries include machine-building, chemicals, textiles (cotton), and food. There are numerous institutions of higher learning. K’ai-feng is one of the oldest cities in the country; from 960 to 1127 it was the imperial capital. The city is laid out in a rectangle, enclosed by a fortified wall with four gates. There are remains of a 12th-century palace and the 13-tier T’ieh-Ta Pagoda (the “Iron Pagoda,” 1041), as well as the Honan provincial museum.

Kaifeng

a city in E China, in N Henan on the Yellow River: one of the oldest cities in China and its capital (as Pien-liang) from 907 to 1126. Pop.: 810 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
27-28; Qiao Zhongwei, Wang Jiasheng, and Zou Hao, Bianjing weiji yingji kongzhi, pp.
176-77; Qiao Zhongwei, Wang Jiasheng, and Zou Hao, Bianjing weiji yingji kongzhi, p.
220-23; Qiao Zhongwei, Wang Jiasheng, and Zou Hao, Bianjing weiji yingji kongzhi, pp.
288-321, and Qiao Zhongwei, Wang Jiasheng, and Zou Hao, Bianjing weiji yingji kongzhi.
Huang Qijiang's [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] "Bei Song Bianjing zhi siyuan yu fojiao" [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], Guoli bianyiguan guankan [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 18.
Yunnan bianjing houan maoyi zhinan (A Guide to Trade in Yunnan's Border Ports), (Guangxi: Guangxi renmin chuanshe, 1992), p.
Jiang Qjngxiang and Xiao Guoliang, "Glimpses of the Urban Economy and Bianjing (Kaifeng) Capital of the Northern Song Dynasty, 1981," in Jews in Old China: Studies by Chinese Scholars, edited by Sidney Shapiro (New York: Hippocrene Books, 1984).