Kaifeng

(redirected from Bianjing)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Kaifeng

(kī-fŭng), city (1994 est. pop. 535,300), NE Henan prov., China, on the Longhai RR. It is a commercial, agricultural, and industrial center. Manufactures include agricultural machinery, zinc, textiles, fertilizer, chemicals, and processed foods. The Huang He (Yellow River), just to the north, has frequently flooded the city. Kaifeng has often been a major center of Chinese political and cultural life. Founded in the 3d cent. B.C., it was, as Bianliang, capital of the Five Dynasties (906–59) and then capital of the northern Sung dynasty (960–1127). Zoroastrians worshiped there, and in the 12th cent. a Jewish colony was established. The city fell to the Mongols in the 13th cent. Kaifeng was the provincial capital until superseded (1954) by Zhengzhou.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

K’aifeng

 

a city in eastern China, in the province of Honan on the Great China Plain just south of the Huangho. Population, 289, 000 (1959). The city is a transportation junction. Its industries include machine-building, chemicals, textiles (cotton), and food. There are numerous institutions of higher learning. K’ai-feng is one of the oldest cities in the country; from 960 to 1127 it was the imperial capital. The city is laid out in a rectangle, enclosed by a fortified wall with four gates. There are remains of a 12th-century palace and the 13-tier T’ieh-Ta Pagoda (the “Iron Pagoda,” 1041), as well as the Honan provincial museum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Kaifeng

a city in E China, in N Henan on the Yellow River: one of the oldest cities in China and its capital (as Pien-liang) from 907 to 1126. Pop.: 810 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Zhong-Yue bianjing maoyiyanjiu [A study on China-Vietnam border trade].
"Wanglai Gui-Yue bianjing shenmi de yiqun!" [A mysterious group along the Guangxi-Vietnam border].
"Kanjie libei qingzhang'ai, Zhong-Yue bianjing zai pailei" [De-mining campaign starts again in China-Vietnam border for the purpose of boundary settlement and demarcation].
"Guangxi yanda bianjing zousi" [Guangxi strikes harshly on cross-border smuggling].
"Zhong-Yue bianjing dasaolei de jingyan jiqi qishi" [Experience and implications of de-mining efforts at the Sino-Vietnamese border].
27-28; Qiao Zhongwei, Wang Jiasheng, and Zou Hao, Bianjing weiji yingji kongzhi, pp.
176-77; Qiao Zhongwei, Wang Jiasheng, and Zou Hao, Bianjing weiji yingji kongzhi, p.
220-23; Qiao Zhongwei, Wang Jiasheng, and Zou Hao, Bianjing weiji yingji kongzhi, pp.
288-321, and Qiao Zhongwei, Wang Jiasheng, and Zou Hao, Bianjing weiji yingji kongzhi.
For details, see Qiao Zhongwei, Wang Jiasheng, and Zou Hao, Bianjing weiji yingji kongzhi, pp.
See "Mianbao baodao zhongfang jinzhi Miandian mucai jinru Zhongguo Yunnan bianjing" (Myanmar Newspaper Reports that Chinese Side Has Banned Timber from Myanmar to Cross Yunnan's Border), news article at the Chinese Embassy in Myanmar's website, 16 June 2006 at <http://mm.mofcom.gov.cn/aarticle/jmxw/200606/20060602448958.html?147301 3963=100947937> [June 2009].
Nevertheless, even this relatively remote settlement, hitherto a restricted border town that even Chinese citizens required a special pass (bianjing zheng) to visit, officially opened in 1992, a change whose mention locally is today liable to provoke widespread reminiscences.