Galli da Bibiena

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Bibiena, Galli da

Bibiena or Bibbiena, Galli da (gälˈlē dä bēbyāˈnä), family of Italian artists of the 17th and 18th cent. Giovanni Maria Galli da Bibiena, 1625–65, studied with Francesco Albani and painted chiefly altarpieces, examples of which are to be seen in the churches of Bologna. His son, Ferdinando Galli Bibiena, 1657–1743, the most renowned of the group, became celebrated throughout Europe for his architectural views and theatrical designs and for his magnificent decorations for public and court festivities. He wrote several treatises on architecture. A master of baroque illusionism, he created an effect of depth by extending the set pieces of his scene designs beyond the proscenium arch. Francesco Galli Bibiena, 1659–1739, brother of Ferdinando, is celebrated chiefly as the designer of great European theaters. Other members of the family include Alessandro Galli Bibiena, 1687–c.1769, son of Ferdinando, a fresco painter and architect; Giuseppe Galli Bibiena, 1696–1756, second son and pupil of Ferdinando and, like him, renowned for his sumptuous decorations, designed principally for the courts and theaters of Vienna, Munich, Dresden, Bayreuth, and Prague; Antonio Galli Bibiena, 1700–1774, third son of Ferdinando, an architect and designer; and Carlo Galli Bibiena, 1728–1787, the son of Giuseppe, a painter and architect employed at many of the European courts.

Bibliography

See A. H. Mayor, The Bibiena Family (1940).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Most courts looked to Italy--in Britain Inigo Jones created scenes directly from prints he had acquired in Rome--and designers liked Ferdinando Galli Bibiena travelled widely and were in great demand.
Varini, embora com o uso de tecnicas mais actuais, readopta velhos metodos geometricos e tecnicos, abundantemente utilizados e descritos anteriormente por diversos artistas no periodo Maneirista e Barroco, sobretudo em Italia, tanto na Cenografia para teatros, como para a representacao pictorica e ilusoria de tectos em perspectiva e de outras pinturas realizadas em paredes de espacos sagrados e profanos, como se pode ver e ler nas obras e textos mais antigos de Daniele Barbaro, Vignolla-Danti, Pietro Accolti, Andrea Pozzo e Ferdinando Galli Bibiena, ou tambem na tratadistica francesa contemporanea a italiana, de autores como Abraham Bosse, Jean Francois Niceron, Emmanuele Maignan, Jean Le Dubreuil, Salomon de Caus, Gregoire Huret, Jacques Ozanam ou Chretien Wolf, entre outros.
(Baker's exclusion of England is a disappointment here.) The chapter also contains a fascinating section on Ferdinando Galli Bibiena's "revolution in perspective" in scene painting (pp.
(28) The predella scene is from a Triptych of the Virgin and Child with Saints by Bicci di Lorenzo (1371-1452) in the church of Sant'Ippolito, Bibiena.
Margravine Wilhelmine von Bayreuth, the sister of Frederick II of Prussia, was another passionate patron with a vision for her fiefdom: she had a new opera house built to mark her daughter's wedding in 1748; it was designed by the then world-famous architect and theatrical designer Giuseppe Galli Bibiena. This wooden gem in a remote little town in Franconia, the prototype for all later standA[degrees]alone downtown opera houses, was described by the World
Assim, as quadriculas de linhas ortogonais utilizadas pelos antigos, a utilizacao de fios de prumo e a respectiva transformacao em linhas e grelhas trapezoidais e curvilineas (Danti, 1583: 89; Pozzo, 1693.a: 214-215; Bibiena, 1732: 58), como as que certamente foram utilizadas por varios autores (Figura 5 e Figura 6) e certamente por Andrea Pozzo, por exemplo, na criacao das anamorfoses planas realizadas cerca de 1680 e que hoje verificamos nas superficies das paredes do corredor da Casa Professa de Gezu (Figura 7 e Figura 8) (Luca, 2000: 51-58; Fazolo, 2004: 149-154; Migliari, 2000: 71-81), podem agora ser readaptadas, na criacao de novos projectos.
The arch and columns, he notes, are quotations from the famous Bibiena settings still in use at Cesky Krumlov and Drottningholm.