Vatican Library

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Vatican Library


Vatican Apostolic Library,

in Rome, founded in the 4th cent. but dormant until given new life in the 15th cent. by Pope Nicholas V. It is the oldest public library in Europe and one of the chief libraries of the world. It is constituted primarily as a manuscript library. The first major librarian, Platina (Bartolommeo de' Sacchi), made a catalog of some 2,500 volumes. The library now holds more than 150,000 manuscripts and more than 1.6 million printed books, including some 8,300 incunabulaincunabula
, plural of incunabulum
[Late Lat.,=cradle (books); i.e., books of the cradle days of printing], books printed in the 15th cent. The known incunabula represent about 40,000 editions.
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, and is especially rich in books on paleography, history, art history, classical literature, and philology. These figures do not include the vast Vatican archives, a separate collection of more than 150,000 items, a collection of more than 300,000 coins and medals and more than 70,000 prints and engravings.

Facilities of the library were greatly improved in the 20th cent., although the staff and funding remain small. With funds supplied principally by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, librarians from the United States did much work (1927–30) in cataloging and classifying the contents of the library. Microfilms of most of the library's great manuscript collection were deposited at St. Louis Univ. in 1957. The Vatican Library has worked extensively with American computer companies, who helped to make its catalog of modern printed books available online in 1985 and in 2002 began a project to post images online of its complete collection of books and manuscripts.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Juntos el Archivo Secreto Vaticano y la Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana ocupan a unas 140 personas.
En 2018 fue nombrado archivista y bibliotecario de la Iglesia Catolica Romana (encargado de los Archivos Secretos y de la Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana) y nombrado arzobispo titular de Suava (antigua Numidia, hoy Argelia).
Specialist readers will all know libraries whose idiosyncrasies are equal to those in de Hamel's roster; however, the one really glaring omission--for which one would readily have sacrificed Leiden--is the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, where (having negotiated Swiss Guards, grand courtyards, narrow archways through which zoom cars, and various keys) one reads priceless manuscripts in an austere barrel-vaulted chamber presided over by a grand crucifix.
Tambien en la Ciudad del Vaticano accedimos a la Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, donde se guardan copias de los Sinodos Diocesanos que convoco Brioschi y de los Concilios Provinciales.
David Rijser in turn studies a manuscript (Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat.
The maps are from various institutions, including the NLA's collections, the British Library, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, National Museum of Australia, and private collections.
(19) By contrast, the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV; RISM sigla: I-Rvat; Cabimus number 366, Anagrafe code IT-RM1360), is the Pope's private library, which is open to the public according to his will but with none of the duties of a national library.