Vatican Library

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Vatican Library

or

Vatican Apostolic Library,

in Rome, founded in the 4th cent. but dormant until given new life in the 15th cent. by Pope Nicholas V. It is the oldest public library in Europe and one of the chief libraries of the world. It is constituted primarily as a manuscript library. The first major librarian, Platina (Bartolommeo de' Sacchi), made a catalog of some 2,500 volumes. The library now holds more than 150,000 manuscripts and more than 1.6 million printed books, including some 8,300 incunabulaincunabula
, plural of incunabulum
[Late Lat.,=cradle (books); i.e., books of the cradle days of printing], books printed in the 15th cent. The known incunabula represent about 40,000 editions.
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, and is especially rich in books on paleography, history, art history, classical literature, and philology. These figures do not include the vast Vatican archives, a separate collection of more than 150,000 items, a collection of more than 300,000 coins and medals and more than 70,000 prints and engravings.

Facilities of the library were greatly improved in the 20th cent., although the staff and funding remain small. With funds supplied principally by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, librarians from the United States did much work (1927–30) in cataloging and classifying the contents of the library. Microfilms of most of the library's great manuscript collection were deposited at St. Louis Univ. in 1957. The Vatican Library has worked extensively with American computer companies, who helped to make its catalog of modern printed books available online in 1985 and in 2002 began a project to post images online of its complete collection of books and manuscripts.

References in periodicals archive ?
La edicion critica fue posible por el hallazgo del manuscrito original del Catecismo Romano durante una de las estancias del profesor Rodriguez en la Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, y que constituia la pieza que completaba la documentacion para realizar la edicion.
6852 aus der Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (Zurich, Belser Verlag, 1985).
David Rijser in turn studies a manuscript (Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat.
La Curia, ilLaterano e laproduzione manoscritta ad uso del Papato nel Medioevo (secoli VI-XIII), Citta del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2011.
The maps are from various institutions, including the NLA's collections, the British Library, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, National Museum of Australia, and private collections.
The Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (Vatican Library) in Vatican City and the Bodleian Libraries of the University of Oxford have partnered to create an online archive of their most precious works, which will bring a total of 1.
Il 7 marzo anche il Prefetto della Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Raffaele Farina SDB, scriveva a Vincenzo Carbone, ringraziandolo <<vivamente per la Sua squisita disponibilita verso la Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana e per il Suo gesto concreto mediante il quale e pronto ad arricchire le collezioni della Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana con le serie complete degli scritti, prodotti nell'ambito del Concilio Vaticano II, e pubblicati dalla Libreria Editrice Vaticana.
19) By contrast, the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV; RISM sigla: I-Rvat; Cabimus number 366, Anagrafe code IT-RM1360), is the Pope's private library, which is open to the public according to his will but with none of the duties of a national library.
In memoriam Rudolf Weigand, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Citta del Vaticano 2010.
Half the collection does deal with rights and property, and I believe that the editor of the collection, Theo Kolzer, came to a much more balanced conclusion about Gregory's purpose that is far more convincing--"Schwerpunkt der Collectio Farensis ist der Schultz des Kirchengutes in weitesten Sinn" (Collectio canonum Regesto Farfensi inserta, Monumenta iuris canonici, Series B, 5 [Citta del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1982], 74).
Proudly described as 'the finest since ancient times' by his bookseller, Vespasiano da Bisticci, it was purchased by Pope Alexander vii in 1657, and survives intact as part of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.