Bibracte


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Bibracte

(bĭbrăk`tē), former capital of the AeduiAedui
or Haedui
, Gallic people, occupying in the 1st cent. B.C. a part of what later became Burgundy. Defeated by Ariovistus and at odds with their Gallic neighbors, they were allies of the Romans.
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, site atop Mont Beuvray, central France. There Caesar defeated (58 B.C.) the Helvetii (see Gallic WarsGallic Wars
, campaigns in Gaul led by Julius Caesar in his two terms as proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, and Illyricum (58 B.C.–51 B.C.). Caesar's first campaign was to prevent the Helvetii (who lived N of the Lake of Geneva) from crossing the Roman
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). Excavations on the site have revealed a Gallic town.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bibracte

 

an ancient city which was the center of the Gallic tribe of the Aedui. Its site occupies an area of 135 hectares atop Mont Beuvray, located 27 km from the town of Autun, France. The city was fortified by a moat and by a wall made of stone and wood. Excavations have revealed the stone foundations of houses, including single-room dwellings, sunk deep in the earth; artisans’ workshops; and rich, multiroom villas. Bronze and iron weapons, clay pottery, coins, and other artifacts were also discovered. In 58 B.C., Julius Caesar defeated the Helvetii at Bibracte. At the end of the first century B.C. the population was resettled by the Romans in the town of Augustodunum (now Autun), but even as late as the fourth century A.D. Bibracte remained the center of the cult of a local goddess.

REFERENCE

Déchelette, J. Manuel d’ archéologie préhistorique celtique et galloromaine, vol. 4. Paris, 1927. Pages 452–63.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
En Bibracte, Vercingetorix logrou a union de todos os xefes galos fronte ao inimigo comun, conseguindo <<La Gaule unie formant une seule nation, animee d'un meme esprit, [qui] peut defier l'univers>> (ibid: 298).
They argue that Druidry is actually the base of Christianity and that Jesus spent part of his youth in the sacred teaching centers of Bibracte in ancient Gaul, these views are circulated in the pamphlets they have available at rituals.
La Bourgogne et la France orientale du Neolithique au Moyen Age, Glux-en-Glenne, 10-11 juin 1999 (Bibracte 5): 337-412.
In a series of bloody battles such as the Battle of the Arar River, Bibracte and the Battle of Vosges, Caesar stabilized the situation and paved the way for further campaigns against the Gauls, Germans, and Britons.
From the wonder of the Puy de Dome to the majestic mountaintop abbey church of Vezelay to the allegedly haunted hill of Bibracte, An Enchanting Journey takes in the sights and sounds of places with deep roots in history.
He lived in the Aeduan settlement of Bibracte during the winter of 52 B.C.
Principal battles: Bibracte (near Autun) (58), the Rhine (55), Alesia (Alise-Sainte Reine, near Montbard) (52), Ilerda (Lerida) (49), Pharsalus (Farsala) (48), Zela (Zile) (47), Thapsus (46), and Munda (in western Andalusia) (45).