Bibracte


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Bibracte

(bĭbrăk`tē), former capital of the AeduiAedui
or Haedui
, Gallic people, occupying in the 1st cent. B.C. a part of what later became Burgundy. Defeated by Ariovistus and at odds with their Gallic neighbors, they were allies of the Romans.
..... Click the link for more information.
, site atop Mont Beuvray, central France. There Caesar defeated (58 B.C.) the Helvetii (see Gallic WarsGallic Wars
, campaigns in Gaul led by Julius Caesar in his two terms as proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, and Illyricum (58 B.C.–51 B.C.). Caesar's first campaign was to prevent the Helvetii (who lived N of the Lake of Geneva) from crossing the Roman
..... Click the link for more information.
). Excavations on the site have revealed a Gallic town.

Bibracte

 

an ancient city which was the center of the Gallic tribe of the Aedui. Its site occupies an area of 135 hectares atop Mont Beuvray, located 27 km from the town of Autun, France. The city was fortified by a moat and by a wall made of stone and wood. Excavations have revealed the stone foundations of houses, including single-room dwellings, sunk deep in the earth; artisans’ workshops; and rich, multiroom villas. Bronze and iron weapons, clay pottery, coins, and other artifacts were also discovered. In 58 B.C., Julius Caesar defeated the Helvetii at Bibracte. At the end of the first century B.C. the population was resettled by the Romans in the town of Augustodunum (now Autun), but even as late as the fourth century A.D. Bibracte remained the center of the cult of a local goddess.

REFERENCE

Déchelette, J. Manuel d’ archéologie préhistorique celtique et galloromaine, vol. 4. Paris, 1927. Pages 452–63.
References in periodicals archive ?
They argue that Druidry is actually the base of Christianity and that Jesus spent part of his youth in the sacred teaching centers of Bibracte in ancient Gaul, these views are circulated in the pamphlets they have available at rituals.
In a series of bloody battles such as the Battle of the Arar River, Bibracte and the Battle of Vosges, Caesar stabilized the situation and paved the way for further campaigns against the Gauls, Germans, and Britons.
From the wonder of the Puy de Dome to the majestic mountaintop abbey church of Vezelay to the allegedly haunted hill of Bibracte, An Enchanting Journey takes in the sights and sounds of places with deep roots in history.
He lived in the Aeduan settlement of Bibracte during the winter of 52 B.
Principal battles: Bibracte (near Autun) (58), the Rhine (55), Alesia (Alise-Sainte Reine, near Montbard) (52), Ilerda (Lerida) (49), Pharsalus (Farsala) (48), Zela (Zile) (47), Thapsus (46), and Munda (in western Andalusia) (45).
Cafeteria of Glux-en-Glenne, the holder will ensure the preparation of ~ all meals and serve meals Bibracte staff and guests, school, researchers from the teams and the public for gourmet delivery "Gallic buffets"
Se presentaron tambien los ultimos datos sobre yacimientos franceses de importancia internacional como el poblado de Vix (Cote-d'Or, Borgona-Franco Condado), el oppidum de Bibracte (Nievre, Borgona-Franco Condado) o la residencia aristocratica de Batilly-en-Gatinais (Loiret, Centre-Val de Loire).
1993): Trazado y orientacion topo-astronomica del estanque monumental de Bibracte.
Contract notice: Complementary health for staff of bibracte.
Regards sur la chronologie de la fin de l' age du Fer (III-I siecle avant notre ere) en Gaule non mediterraneenne, Bibracte, 22, Gluz-en-Glennne, 49-64.
Oppidum se aplica a yacimientos como Manching o Bibracte donde su uso no ofrece complicaciones, pero algunos autores tambien utilizan el termino, de forma incorrecta, para sitios de la Primera Edad del Hierro como Mont Lassois o para designar pequenos asentamientos de pocas hectareas como Bundenbach.