Marie François Xavier Bichat

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Bichat, Marie François Xavier


Born Nov. 14, 1771, in Thoirette; died July 22, 1802, in Paris. French anatomist, physiologist, and physician.

Bichat studied at Montpellier, Lyon, and Paris. He worked as a physician in a Paris hospital from 1799 to the end of his life. Bichat created a scientific classification of tissues, which, according to his theory, unite into systems (for example, bones and muscles) and form organs of the body. The terms “tissue” and “system” were first introduced into medicine by Bichat. According to Bichat, the totality of systems and their elementary functions constitute the life processes of the body. In his Weltanschauung, Bichat was an idealist who believed in the presence of a life-force which is unknowable and distinguishes the animate from the vegetable and inanimate.


In Russian translation:
Fiziologicheskie issledovaniia o zhizni i smerti. St. Petersburg, 1865.


Lunkevich, V. V. Ot Geraklita do Darvina, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Olmsted, J. Franqois Magendie. New York, 1945.
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Hopital Avicenne, Bobigny, France; ([dagger]) Universite Leonard de Vinci, Bobigny, France; ([double dagger]) Hopital Bichat Claude Bernard, Paris, France; and [section] Universite Rene Descartes, Paris, France
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Gabriel Steg, from Centre Hypitalier Bichat in Paris, France commented that "The sustained reduction in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality achieved by bivalirudin in the context of primary PCI, compared to the standard of care, provides a compelling case for switching to bivalirudin as the preferred anticoagulant for primary PCI.
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Gabriel Steg, Department of Cardiology, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France, on behalf of the RealiseAF steering committee.
Hopital Bichat Claude Bernard, Paris, France; ([dagger]) Universite Paris 5; Paris, France; ([double dagger]) Hopital Avicenne, Bobigny, France; and ([section]) Universite Paris 13, Bobigny, France