bicycle racing

(redirected from Bicycle racer)

bicycle racing



an internationally popular sport conducted on closed courses or the open road. Track racing takes place at a velodrome, usually a banked 1,093.6 ft (.333 km) oval. Olympic medals are awarded in individual and team track events, including the sprint, which features a duel between two finalists. Another track event is the pursuit, in which racers begin at opposite sides of the circuit and attempt to catch each other. The Olympics include road races, but the best-known road events are grueling multiday races, especially the Tour de France (begun in 1903), which covers some 2,500 mi (4,000 km) in more than 20 daily stages. Tour de France cyclists ride for teams that share prize money and employ various strategies to aid each other, but an individual winner emerges from both time trials and races over varied terrain, including downhill mountain rides at speeds above 70 mph (113 kph). The Tour is the best known of cycling's Grand Tours; the Giro d'Italia (begun 1909) and Vuelta a España (begun 1935) are the other two. In 1996 mountain biking, featuring varied off-road events (cross-country, hill climb, slalom), debuted as an Olympic event. Cyclocross, long popular in Europe and gaining in the United States, involves racing around an obstacle-filled course.

In recent years, professional bicycle racing has been marred by revelations of the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Several favorites were barred from the 2006 Tour de France as a result of doping charges, and the winner that year, American Floyd Landis, tested positive for high testosterone levels (and presumed testosterone use) and was ultimately stripped of the title. In addition, the long-dominant Lance ArmstrongArmstrong, Lance,
1971–, American cyclist, b. Dallas, Tex. He won (1991) the U.S. amateur cycling championship, turned professional (1992), and by the mid-1990s had won the Tour DuPont twice and was being hailed as the finest U.S. cyclist.
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 was accused, after his retirement, of doping by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency and others. A 2012 report on professional bicycle racing the agency revealed the most egregious doping scandal and the most complex conspiracy to date in any competitive sport. It led the International Cycling Union, which governs the sport, to strip Armstrong (who asserted his innocence until 2013) of his Tour de France titles and to bar him for life from the sport.


See T. Hamilton, The Secret Race (with D. Coyle, 2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
Present at the launch were Trek India's country manager, Navneet Banka and former German professional road bicycle racer Jens Voigt.
Hemingway's interest in the bicycle figure continues into A Farewell to Arms, where he named one of his characters after the prominent Italian bicycle racer, Bartolomeo Aymo.
Champion began life in poverty and rose to fame and wealth as a bicycle racer, motorcycle speed record holder, and auto-racing enthusiast.
Vincenzo Nibali, 29, is an Italian professional road bicycle racer.
A bicycle racer can catch a boost by drafting behind another racer, so Socha wonders if a long snake whipping its curves might basically be drafting itself.
Worcester has a history of bicycle manufacturing; world champion bicycle racer Marshall "Major'' Taylor was brought to the city by Louis "Birdie'' Munger, who owned the Worcester Cycle Manufacturing Co.
In 2006, bicycle racer Floyd Landis blamed his hypothyroid medication for the illegally high testosterone levels detected in urine samples taken during his Tour de France ride, (http://www.
Italian professional road bicycle racer Vincenzo Nibali said: "In Dubai we have seen all sports being held, and it is nice to see that cycling too will make its mark soon.
His dad earned enough money from being a bicycle racer to open up a fish store in Little Italy.
Brian, who lives in Mirfield, is a former road bicycle racer of the 1950s and early 1960s and has won a stage of the gruelling Tour de France.
Kon's characters - a drag queen, a runaway high school girl and a former professional bicycle racer - pick up an abandoned infant from a garbage dump on Christmas Day and set out to find its parents.
In fact, the now-experienced and super-fit mountaineer risked resigning himself to being a retired bicycle racer.