bicycle racing

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bicycle racing



an internationally popular sport conducted on closed courses or the open road. Track racing takes place at a velodrome, usually a banked 1,093.6 ft (.333 km) oval. Olympic medals are awarded in individual and team track events, including the sprint, which features a duel between two finalists. Another track event is the pursuit, in which racers begin at opposite sides of the circuit and attempt to catch each other. The Olympics include road races, but the best-known road events are grueling multiday races, especially the Tour de France (begun in 1903), which covers some 2,500 mi (4,000 km) in more than 20 daily stages. Tour de France cyclists ride for teams that share prize money and employ various strategies to aid each other, but an individual winner emerges from both time trials and races over varied terrain, including downhill mountain rides at speeds above 70 mph (113 kph). The Tour is the best known of cycling's Grand Tours; the Giro d'Italia (begun 1909) and Vuelta a España (begun 1935) are the other two. In 1996 mountain biking, featuring varied off-road events (cross-country, hill climb, slalom), debuted as an Olympic event. Cyclocross, long popular in Europe and gaining in the United States, involves racing around an obstacle-filled course.

In recent years, professional bicycle racing has been marred by revelations of the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Several favorites were barred from the 2006 Tour de France as a result of doping charges, and the winner that year, American Floyd Landis, tested positive for high testosterone levels (and presumed testosterone use) and was ultimately stripped of the title. In addition, the long-dominant Lance ArmstrongArmstrong, Lance,
1971–, American cyclist, b. Dallas, Tex. He won (1991) the U.S. amateur cycling championship, turned professional (1992), and by the mid-1990s had won the Tour DuPont twice and was being hailed as the finest U.S. cyclist.
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 was accused, after his retirement, of doping by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency and others. A 2012 report on professional bicycle racing the agency revealed the most egregious doping scandal and the most complex conspiracy to date in any competitive sport. It led the International Cycling Union, which governs the sport, to strip Armstrong (who asserted his innocence until 2013) of his Tour de France titles and to bar him for life from the sport.


See T. Hamilton, The Secret Race (with D. Coyle, 2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
2) At the same time, however, he also gives Pound boxing lessons, attends the fights religiously, plays the horses at Auteuil and Enghein, learns how to ski well during several Christmas seasons at Schruns, travels to Spain on the advice of Stein and quickly masters the techniques and idiom of the bullfight during multiple San Fermin Festivals at Pamplona and elsewhere, goes trout fishing when- and wherever he can, and some time toward the latter part of these early years (from April 1925 through late fall 1927) also learns the ins and outs of stadium bicycle racing, gets himself a touring bike and goes cycling alone and with friends around and beyond Paris.
And when you do have an edge in a competitive industry like racing, people notice very quickly What happens in bicycle racing, he explains, is instantly known by enthusiasts around the world who follow race results on the Internet.
Bicycle racing is a team sport, and every team has a "leader.
Pursuit bicycle racing is a one-on-one match between two cyclists who start on opposite sides of a closed 4000-meter velodrome course.
Cyclists must be an Oregon Bicycle Racing Association member (one-day memberships are $2 during the online registration process).
For the record, I have never been a fan of synchronized swimming, rowing, steeplechase (sorry Mitt and Ann Romney), bicycle racing, soccer, or anything named polo.
Adrian Sarkozy, director of the Michigan Bicycle Racing Association, is enthusiastic about the 2012 event.
The city's bicycle racing operations fell 190 million yen into the red in fiscal 2000, the first loss in the city's 52-year history of public gambling.
The race is sanctioned by the Oregon Bicycle Racing Association and organized by dark30 Sports in Eugene.
Taylor had electrified the bicycle racing world by winning a sensational string of races, including the world championship at Montreal in 1899.