biennial

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biennial,

plant requiring two years to complete its life cycle, as distinguished from an annualannual,
plant that germinates from seed, blossoms, produces seed, and dies within one year. Annuals propagate themselves by seed only, unlike many biennials and perennials. They are thus especially suited to environments that have a short growing season.
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 or a perennialperennial,
any plant that under natural conditions lives for several to many growing seasons, as contrasted to an annual or a biennial. Botanically, the term perennial applies to both woody and herbaceous plants (see stem) and thus includes numerous members of the kingdom.
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. In the first year a biennial usually produces a rosette of leaves (e.g., the cabbage) and a fleshy root, which acts as a food reserve over the winter. During the second year the plant produces flowers and seeds and, having exhausted its food reserve, then dies. Short-lived perennials (e.g., the hollyhock) are often treated as biennials. Some biennials will, like annuals, bloom in the same season if sown early; others reseed themselves or produce offsets, thus perpetuating the plant indefinitely so that it becomes essentially a perennial. There are very few true biennials. Many are crop plants, such as carrots and parsnips, which are harvested for their succulent roots at the end of their first growing season.

biennial

a plant, such as the carrot, that completes its life cycle within two years, developing vegetative storage parts during the first year and flowering and fruiting in its second year
References in periodicals archive ?
In response to the success of these three major exhibitions, and the desire of national and local governments to signify their own status as international hubs, biennials and triennials mushroomed across Asia from the mid-1990s onwards.
It features over 100 artists from over 40 countries and Hasegawa has worked blood, sweat and tears to make it the success it is: "I got the invitation to curate the Biennial in December 2011, so I have been working on this project for about a year and two months.
To be honest, it was a bit of a joke," says Biggs, of the art world's reaction to the idea of a Liverpool Biennial -the dismay in part due to curators feeling under pressure to visit every such festival across the globe.
Lewis Biggs has spent the past 10 years growing the Biennial from an unexpected event to one of the world's leading visual arts festivals.
Throughout the entire month of July, the Biennial celebration will offer visitors cross-cultural experiences through a wide array of art exhibits, live music, and special cultural programming.
Whichever biennials you choose to sow, they all look best when planted in profusion, not in straight lines.
The theme of this year's biennial is "What, How & for Whom (WHW)".
The most recent Sharjah Biennial presented various attempts in visual arts and film that addressed the growing social, political and environmental challenges the world is facing due to excessive urban development, pollution, political ambitions, and the thoughtless misuse, abuse and exhaustion of natural resources - an exhibition that probably deserves to be resurrected, considering today's continuing fragile environmental and political issues.
The prime example here is Mai Abu ElDahab, Anton Vidokle, and Florian Waldvogel's attempt, albeit ultimately unsuccessful, to reimagine Manifesta 6 as an experimental art academy, but one could also mention Documenta 12, with its emphasis on workshops and colloquy, or New York's performance-only biennial, Performa, now heading toward its third edition.
The 3rd 01SJ Biennial is a multi-disciplinary, medium agnostic contemporary art festival that focuses on the nexus of art, technology and digital culture.
My natural response to its dynamism is to produce a Biennial which asks questions through art, and creates a dialogue that liberates us from Eurocentrism, Globalism and other relevant --isms.
Biennial director Lewis Biggs said last night: "The discussions within the curatorial team set out with the recognition that if art is to be memorable, interesting or influential it has to start by moving us.