biennial

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biennial,

plant requiring two years to complete its life cycle, as distinguished from an annualannual,
plant that germinates from seed, blossoms, produces seed, and dies within one year. Annuals propagate themselves by seed only, unlike many biennials and perennials. They are thus especially suited to environments that have a short growing season.
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 or a perennialperennial,
any plant that under natural conditions lives for several to many growing seasons, as contrasted to an annual or a biennial. Botanically, the term perennial applies to both woody and herbaceous plants (see stem) and thus includes numerous members of the kingdom.
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. In the first year a biennial usually produces a rosette of leaves (e.g., the cabbage) and a fleshy root, which acts as a food reserve over the winter. During the second year the plant produces flowers and seeds and, having exhausted its food reserve, then dies. Short-lived perennials (e.g., the hollyhock) are often treated as biennials. Some biennials will, like annuals, bloom in the same season if sown early; others reseed themselves or produce offsets, thus perpetuating the plant indefinitely so that it becomes essentially a perennial. There are very few true biennials. Many are crop plants, such as carrots and parsnips, which are harvested for their succulent roots at the end of their first growing season.

biennial

a plant, such as the carrot, that completes its life cycle within two years, developing vegetative storage parts during the first year and flowering and fruiting in its second year
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the most prominent, the Sharjah Biennial, is considered a critical resource for artists and cultural organizations in the Gulf.
In fact, biennials are typified less by a two-year cycle (triennials and quinquennials are included in the category) than by their concern with performing the intertwined relationships of local/global and contemporary/ timeless.
Let's get this out of the way early: Just about the only biennials that really and truly matter occur in Venice and at the Whitney, In New York.
The unique installations on display at the recently opened Al Mureijah heritage site is witness to the fact that art is not only to be seen or heard, but to be felt: "The only other time I attempted to curate something similar was at the 7th Istanbul Biennial in 2001.
But now the man at the helm of the Liver pool Biennial - who turned it from "a bit of a joke" into one of the world's most respected - is to bid it goodbye.
In autumn, 2010, around 628,000 visitors made 834,000 visits to Biennial exhibitions, spending a total of pounds 27.2m.
Art and cultural exhibits will bloom around the city giving the Biennial a distinct presence but, unlike most biennials, this one has an added awareness-raising component about the Americas with a series of roundtables and policy summits.
While seed of most biennials can either be sown in short seed-beds in the garden or in trays of seed compost, wallflowers only really thrive if they are sown direct in the soil rather than in trays.
The Sharjah Biennial is one of the most celebrated cultural events in the Arab world.
Szymczyk sees this movement "from the institution toward an event" as precipitating "the proliferation of biennials and a certain demise of institutional exhibitions." To that end, the Fifth Berlin Biennial's structure--day and night, distinct venues, fewer artists than is typical--aims for "a lasting effect on viewers, beyond the logic of the event." That Szymczyk and Filipovic seek to go beyond this logic in part by devising a program of more than sixty events may seem paradoxical.
Let me briefly review some recent Whitney Biennials. The 1993 Biennial is the paradigmatic case of a show that engaged the moral consciousness of its visitors by emphasizing art that challenged it.
In the absence of an established museum structure, biennials became a key space for Asian artists to gain critical and curatorial validation.