Big Bend National Park


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National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 49,075 (19,868) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.

Big Bend National Park,

801,163 acres (324,471 hectares), W Tex.; authorized 1935, est. 1944. It is a triangle formed where the Rio Grande runs southeast then northeast in a big bend along the U.S.-Mexico border, notably through deep canyons such as the Santa Elena. The river, the Chihuahan desert plain, and the Chisos Mts. offer sharp contrasts in wilderness scenery. The park has petrified trees, vestiges of prehistoric cultures, and rare forms of animal and plant life. See National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 49,075 (19,868) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (table). One hundred miles (160 km) to the west is Big Bend Ranch State Park, the largest Texas state park, established in 1988 and covering 287,000 acres (116,200 hectares).
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Big Bend National Park

Address:PO Box 129
Big Bend National Park, TX 79834

Phone:432-477-2251
Fax:432-477-1175
Web: www.nps.gov/bibe/
Size: 801,163 acres.
Established: Authorized on June 20, 1935; established on June 12, 1944. Designated a Biosphere Reserve in 1976.
Location:Situated on the boundary with Mexico along the Rio Grande; park headquarters is 70 miles south of Marathon, TX and 108 miles from Alpine, TX via Hwy 118. Three paved roads lead to the park: US 385 from Marathon to the north entrance; SR 118 from Alpine to the west entrance; and Ranch Road 170 from Presidio to Study Butte, and then SR 118 to the west entrance.
Facilities:Lodge (é), campgrounds (open year-round; @di), picnic area, rest rooms (é), restaurant (é), visitor centers (é), museum/exhibit, self-guided tour/trail. Entrance fee required.
Activities:Camping, hiking, horseback riding, boating, fishing, bird-watching, wildlife viewing, float trips (outfitters just outside the park).
Special Features:Mountains contrast with desert within the great bend of the Rio Grande, as the river waters rush through deep-cut canyons and the open desert for 118 miles. More than 450 species of birds have been seen in the park, with large migrations occurring in the spring. The fossil record at Big Bend spans a rich history of 35 million years within the Cretaceous Period. More than 90 dinosaur species, nearly 100 plant species, and more than two dozen fish, frogs, salamanders, turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and even early mammals have been discovered here, providing one of the most complete pictures of a prehistoric ecosystem known anywhere on earth.

See other parks in Texas.
Parks Directory of the United States, 5th Edition. © 2007 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Big Bend National Park, BBRSP, and BGWMA each have large amounts of escape terrain and relatively low perimeter-to-area ratios ([less than or equal to] 5.0) suggesting these three study sites consisted of relatively large habitat patches rather than patchy.
The work by Degenhardt coincided with the early years of conservation and preservation in Big Bend National Park. Prior to his surveys, the area was subjected to a substantial drought that lasted for much of the 1950s (Degenhardt, 1960).
Shrews L T Juveniles (11) 22.1 [+ or -] 3.6 2.2 [+ or -] 0.4 (20.2 - 23.8) (1.9 - 2.5) Adult males (147) 83.4 [+ or -] 5.1 26.3 [+ or -] 3.4 (78.6) - 85.9) (24.6 - 28.3) Adult females (126) 86.5 [+ or -] 6.3 27.5 [+ or -] 2.9 (82.4 - 90.1) (24.5 - 27.7) Shrews HF E Juveniles (11) 2.1 [+ or -] 0.3 (1.8 - 2.3) Adult males (147) l0.1 [+ or -] 1.1 6.4 [+ or -] 0.5 (9.2 - 12.1) (5.6 - 6.8) Adult females (126) 10.7 [+ or -] 0.7 6.8 [+ or -] 0.7 (9.3 - 11.8) (6.2 - 7.1) Shrews Weight (g) Juveniles (11) 0.41 [+ or -] 0.1 (0.36 - 0.47) Adult males (147) 4.83 [+ or -] 0.4 (4.42 - 5.11) Adult females (126) 5.22 [+ or -] 0.8 (4.78 - 5.42) Table 2 Large arthropods found in pitfall traps with Notiosorex crawfordi in Big Bend National Park, Brewster County, Texas.
TABLE 1--Mean percentage volume (percentage of occurrence in parentheses) of prey in fecal samples of pocketed free-tailed bats (Nyctinomops femorosaccus) and Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) collected in June, July, September 2000 and March 2002 in Big Bend National Park, Brewster County, Texas.
In Big Bend National Park, 9 males and 13 females were captured and monitored for 9,422 radio-days.
-- Canoe Formation, Canoe A Local Fauna (Runkel 1988), White Amphitheater, Big Bend National Park, Brewster County, Texas.
(in press), who captured two males and one female in Big Bend National Park on 12 October 1996, 27 September 1997, and 24 November 1997, respectively.
Located in Big Bend National Park's Chisos Basin, the lodge offers comfortable accommodations, friendly Southwest Texas hospitality and sweeping vistas.
It is know from the Chisos Mountains in Big Bend National Park, Brewster County, the Sierra Vieja, Presidio County, and the Davis Mountains, Jeff Davis County (Davis & Schmidly 1994).
A $6-million study--called the Big Bend Regional Aerosol and Visibility Observational (BRAVO) study--reveals that pollution from power plants as far away as the Ohio and Tennessee valleys is an important factor in the declining air quality of Big Bend National Park, which sits on the Texas border between Mexico and the United States.
Joe Sirotnak, a botanist/ecologist at Big Bend National Park in Texas, says about 1,000 individuals of the Chisos Mountain cactus remain.