Diomede Islands

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Diomede Islands

(dī`əmēd), pair of rocky islands in Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. The larger island, Big Diomede, is Russian, while the smaller is part of Alaska. At 2 mi (3 km) apart, the Diomedes represent the closest approach of U.S. and Russian land masses. The first European explorer to the islands was the Danish Vitus BeringBering, Vitus Jonassen
, 1681–1741, Danish explorer in Russian employ. In 1725 he was selected by Peter I to explore far NE Siberia. Having finally moved men and supplies across Siberia, Bering in 1728 sailed N through Bering Strait but sighted no land and did not
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 in 1728.

Diomede Islands

 

(Gvozdev Islands), two islands and rocks in the Bering Strait. The western island, Ratmanov Island (with an area of approximately 10 sq km), belongs to the USSR; the eastern island, Little Diomede (Krusenstern) Island, and Fairway Rock belong to the USA. In 1728 one of the islands was discovered by V. Bering’s expedition. In 1732 the Diomede Islands were put on the map by I. Fedorov and M. S. Gvozdev.

References in periodicals archive ?
However, when Russian-US relations deteriorated after World War II, the Soviets established a permanent military base on Big Diomede and forcibly removed the people living there to the mainland.
In July, she crossed the Bering Strait accompanied by a small group of Little Diomede inhabitants, and travelled along Russia's northeast coast, where Big Diomede Inupiat had been dispersed.
All whales initially entered the Bering Sea between Cape Pe'ek and Big Diomede Island (Fig.
6): B09-09 was also one of two whales in 2010 to migrate west of Big Diomede. In 2010, three whales migrated east of the Diomede Islands and one whale did not transmit enough locations to determine where it passed in relation to the Diomede Islands (Fig.
The unexpected move threatened their plans, but on Sunday they decided to press ahead to the Russian land mass Big Diomedes, 'put their toe' across the border and proclaimed their mission a success.
Big Diomede, in contrast, had been one of the first places on Earth to see in the new Millennium.
He looked over to Big Diomede and said: "Over there is Russia.
Instead the team had to content itself by stopping at the International Date Line, which runs between the islands of Little Diomede, a part of US territory, and Big Diomede, which belongs to Russia.
Sea ice normally freezes in the strait between Little and Big Diomede islands, creating a stable platform of landfast ice that links the two islands.
Little Diomede Island (65[degrees]45'N, 168[degrees]56'W) is located 43 km west of Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, and 4 km east of Big Diomede Island, Russia (Fig.
Possibly as late as 135 years ago, a sand spit connected the Little and Big Diomede Islands, with an ephemeral river separating them (Jenness, 1929; C.
In 1985, we sailed by anyapik along the coast from Cape Bering to Cape Serdtse-Kamen and back, and in 1987 we sailed from Sireniki village north through Puutyn Bay to Big Diomede Island and back to Sireniki.