Diomede Islands

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Diomede Islands

(dī`əmēd), pair of rocky islands in Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. The larger island, Big Diomede, is Russian, while the smaller is part of Alaska. At 2 mi (3 km) apart, the Diomedes represent the closest approach of U.S. and Russian land masses. The first European explorer to the islands was the Danish Vitus BeringBering, Vitus Jonassen
, 1681–1741, Danish explorer in Russian employ. In 1725 he was selected by Peter I to explore far NE Siberia. Having finally moved men and supplies across Siberia, Bering in 1728 sailed N through Bering Strait but sighted no land and did not
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 in 1728.

Diomede Islands

 

(Gvozdev Islands), two islands and rocks in the Bering Strait. The western island, Ratmanov Island (with an area of approximately 10 sq km), belongs to the USSR; the eastern island, Little Diomede (Krusenstern) Island, and Fairway Rock belong to the USA. In 1728 one of the islands was discovered by V. Bering’s expedition. In 1732 the Diomede Islands were put on the map by I. Fedorov and M. S. Gvozdev.

References in periodicals archive ?
All whales initially entered the Bering Sea between Cape Pe'ek and Big Diomede Island (Fig.
The north-, south-, and west-facing slopes of Big Diomede Island could not be seen or investigated; however, it is possible that late-lying snowpacks exist on these slopes of Big Diomede Island also.
More cosmogenic isotope dating on tors and the blockfield from the upland surface of Little Diomede Island and an investigation of the surficial geology of Big Diomede Island are needed to further constrain the age of the two stages.
Possibly as late as 135 years ago, a sand spit connected the Little and Big Diomede Islands, with an ephemeral river separating them (Jenness, 1929; C.
At Big Diomede Island, herring gulls did not breed at all.
On the Chukotka Peninsula, dovekies were observed at sea near Cape Yagnochymlo on 31 July 1987 and at auklet colonies on Big Diomede Island in July 1985.
Both auklet species breed along the south coast of Chukotka and on Big Diomede Island (Fig.
Both Little and Big Diomede islands serve as large seabird colonies during the summer.