Bight of Benin


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Benin, Bight of,

northern arm of the Gulf of Guinea, c.550 mi (885 km) wide, W Africa, between Cape Three Points, S Ghana, and the Niger River delta, SW Nigeria. The bight was an important area for slave trading between the 16th and 19th cent. After the 19th cent. palm oil trading became fo primary importance. In the late 1950s oil was discovered in the Niger River delta.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Its name refers to Francisco Felix de Souza (1754-1849), alias Chacha (10), a famous and wealthy Brazilian slave merchant who settled in the Bight of Benin in the early nineteenth century.
The high prevalence of genotype A5 in Haiti strongly indicates that predecessors of the Haitian population came from the Bight of Benin. However, subgenotype A3 and genotype E, highly prevalent today in this part of Africa, are essentially absent in Haiti.
See Pierre Verger, Trade Relations between the Bight of Benin and Bahia from the 17th to 19th Century, trans.
But the Bight of Benin did not have its evil reputation for nothing.
Hugh Clapperton, a Scottish explorer and diplomat, made two expeditions into West Africa, the first across the Sahara Desert in 1822-24 and the second inland from the Bight of Benin in 1825-27.
Again, those of us who studied history or especially geography before 1970 knew that the body of the Atlantic Ocean below Nigeria were known and called the Bight of Benin west of the River Niger and the Bight of Biafra to the east of same.