Bignon, Louis Pierre Édouard

Bignon, Louis Pierre Édouard

(lwē pyĕr ādwär` bēnyôN`), 1771–1841, French diplomat and historian. He held diplomatic posts under NapoleonNapoleon I
, 1769–1821, emperor of the French, b. Ajaccio, Corsica, known as "the Little Corporal." Early Life

The son of Carlo and Letizia Bonaparte (or Buonaparte; see under Bonaparte, family), young Napoleon was sent (1779) to French military schools at
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, was acting minister of foreign affairs during the Hundred DaysHundred Days,
name given to the period after the return of the deposed French emperor, Napoleon I, from Elba. The Hundred Days are counted from Mar. 20, 1815, when Napoleon arrived in Paris, to June 28, 1815, when Louis XVIII was restored for the second time as king, following
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, and signed the surrender of Paris after Waterloo. A member of the chamber of deputies in the Restoration, he was (1830) foreign minister under Louis PhilippeLouis Philippe
, 1773–1850, king of the French (1830–48), known before his accession as Louis Philippe, duc d'Orléans. The son of Philippe Égalité (see Orléans, Louis Philippe Joseph, duc d'), he joined the army of the French Revolution,
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, who raised him to the peerage. His major historical work, Histoire de France sous Napoléon (14 vol., 1829–50; completed posthumously by A. A. Ernouf), was commissioned by Napoleon.
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