Biharis


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Biharis

 

the main inhabitants of the state of Bihar in India. Population, approximately 37 million (census of 1967). The Biharis speak three dialects: Maithili (in the north and east of Bihar), Magahi (in the center), and Bhoypuri (in the west). Of the three, only Maithili has a written literature. The majority (90 percent) of Biharis are Hindus; the rest are mainly Muslims. Their basic occupation is agriculture (the main crop is rice); part of Bihar is occupied by industry.

REFERENCES

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Diwakar, R. R. Bihar Through the Ages. Bombay, [1959].
References in periodicals archive ?
The Biharis did not learn to speak the local language.
An estimated 40,000 homes were to be built and were to be freely allocated to those Biharis, with funding coming primarily through donations.
KARACHI -- A group of influential Bihari activists convened at Karachi Shah Faisal Chowk in Orangi Town a few days after MQM dissenters Mustafa Kamal and Anis Qaimkhani fired a salvo at Altaf Hussain and announced their dramatic exit from the party in a fiery press conference.
It is true that the military action was swift and stern as all such operations are but it is also true that the Bengali Regiments were well prepared and had already committed Awami League members on a killing spree of the unarmed West Pakistani civilians, Biharis and unarmed military personnel serving in far off places in small pockets.
Despite this tragedy, the Biharis (and Bihar) remained a politically conscious society.
"Mr Sah was stabbed with a knife and the Biharis started attacking Mr Lal, (a Punjabi) who they said had started the fight earlier during the day at the site.
This anti-Bihari drive in Assam just happened as the locals felt that jobs in the Northeast Frontier Railway in Assam would be snatched away by outsiders particularly Biharis. The exams were to fill up 2,750 Grade D posts.
Witnesses and police said nine people, including eight of a family, were burnt to death and another died in gunshot as a camp of Biharis was set on fire over the dispute.
"If the Bihar government tries to become a hurdle in the way of a police investigation, then my party would dub every Bihari in Maharashtra as an infiltrator and would force them to leave the state," he had said in September threatening that if authorities in Bihar took legal action against Mumbai policemen, who picked up a teen on charges of vandalising the martyr's memorial during Azad Maidan protest in August, then Biharis would be forced to leave Maharashtra.
The QAT chief said that 'millions of Afghanis, Burmese, Biharis, Bengalis and Hindustanis' were staying in Sindh and the rest of Pakistan illegally.
Be it Afghan refugees or the Urdu-speaking people referred to as Biharis, their presence is always taken to cause ethnic imbalance in the province.
They warned the higher authorities that don't create situation of anarchy and came down hard against federal government over its decision to issue computerised national identity card to Biharis, Afghans and Bengalis and termed it conspiracy against Sindhis to transform Sindhis into minority and it [conspiracy] would not be tolerated by people of Sindh.