bicycle racing

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bicycle racing



an internationally popular sport conducted on closed courses or the open road. Track racing takes place at a velodrome, usually a banked 1,093.6 ft (.333 km) oval. Olympic medals are awarded in individual and team track events, including the sprint, which features a duel between two finalists. Another track event is the pursuit, in which racers begin at opposite sides of the circuit and attempt to catch each other. The Olympics include road races, but the best-known road events are grueling multiday races, especially the Tour de France (begun in 1903), which covers some 2,500 mi (4,000 km) in more than 20 daily stages. Tour de France cyclists ride for teams that share prize money and employ various strategies to aid each other, but an individual winner emerges from both time trials and races over varied terrain, including downhill mountain rides at speeds above 70 mph (113 kph). The Tour is the best known of cycling's Grand Tours; the Giro d'Italia (begun 1909) and Vuelta a España (begun 1935) are the other two. In 1996 mountain biking, featuring varied off-road events (cross-country, hill climb, slalom), debuted as an Olympic event. Cyclocross, long popular in Europe and gaining in the United States, involves racing around an obstacle-filled course.

In recent years, professional bicycle racing has been marred by revelations of the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Several favorites were barred from the 2006 Tour de France as a result of doping charges, and the winner that year, American Floyd Landis, tested positive for high testosterone levels (and presumed testosterone use) and was ultimately stripped of the title. In addition, the long-dominant Lance ArmstrongArmstrong, Lance,
1971–, American cyclist, b. Dallas, Tex. He won (1991) the U.S. amateur cycling championship, turned professional (1992), and by the mid-1990s had won the Tour DuPont twice and was being hailed as the finest U.S. cyclist.
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 was accused, after his retirement, of doping by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency and others. A 2012 report on professional bicycle racing the agency revealed the most egregious doping scandal and the most complex conspiracy to date in any competitive sport. It led the International Cycling Union, which governs the sport, to strip Armstrong (who asserted his innocence until 2013) of his Tour de France titles and to bar him for life from the sport.


See T. Hamilton, The Secret Race (with D. Coyle, 2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
Root 66 series and the EFTA NECA are the two major mountain bike race series in New England.
com)-- Independent developer Abdullah Karimi at Appdom Labs, has released Bike Race of Retro Riders: Free Stunt Racing Game for iPhone[R], iPod touch[R], and iPad[R].
The same course will be used in July for the National Championship Cross Country Mountain bike race.
Medalist will assist AEG in the development and execution of the national Leadville Qualifying Series races, each of which will provide athletes the opportunity to earn guaranteed entry into the perennially sold-out Leadville Trail 100 mountain bike race.
Employees from North Tyneside's Cobalt Park are taking part in a virtual bike race.
Martha and her twin sister Matilda are celebrating after youngsters raised more than pounds 1,000 by taking part in a bike race at Derwent Reservoir.
The VA has always paid our way because it realizes the incentive these games give vets to stay healthy and in shape,'' said Steve Palmer, 82, who brought home a gold medal in the pentathlon, and a silver in the half-mile bike race last year.
Hill, who started racing motor cycles while working as a despatch rider, is among a host of great names at the Goodwood Revival Meeting where the classic bike race has been renamed the Barry Sheene Memorial Trophy.
YOUNGSTERS enjoyed their own ``Bike Olympics'' at Felinheli yesterday while adult riders took part in the gruelling Tour of Snowdonia bike race.
4 mile open ocean swim followed by a 112 mile bike race and ending with a 26.
April 12 -- Hop Brook Mountain Bike Race, Hop Brook Lake, Middlebury, Connecticut.
The Total Cycling programme featured a grass style velodrome and a mountain bike race course complete with hills, descents, ramps and obstacles.