Steve Biko

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Stephen Biko
Stephen Bantu Biko
BirthplaceKing William's Town, South Africa
Anti-apartheid activist

Biko, Steve

(Steven Biko) (bē`kō), 1946–77, South African political leader. A medical student, he founded (1969) a black student organization and developed a national "black consciousness" movement to combat racism and apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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 policies. Arrested in 1977, he died in police custody, prompting international protests and a UN arms embargo. In 1997 five former policemen admitted killing him.
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