Bilbao


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Bilbao

(bēlbä`ō), city (1990 pop. 383,798), capital of Vizcaya prov., N Spain, in the Basque Country, on both banks of the Nervión River, near the Bay of Biscay. A leading Spanish port and commercial center since the 19th cent., it is at the heart of an important industrial area with iron mines nearby. Its banks make it a financial center. Steel, chemicals, and ships are the chief manufactures, though they have declined. Bilbao is also a center for high technology firms. It has a subway, an opera house, and several museums, including the Museum of Fine Art; the Basque Archaeological, Ethnographical, and Historical Museum; and the spectacular Guggenheim MuseumGuggenheim Museum,
officially Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, major museum of modern art in New York City. Founded in 1939 as the Museum of Non-objective Art, the Guggenheim is known for its remarkable circular building (1959) with curving interior ramp designed by Frank Lloyd
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 (1997). Founded c.1300 on the site of an ancient settlement, Bilbao flourished because of a wool export trade in the 15th and 16th cent. In the 19th cent. it was besieged by the CarlistsCarlists,
partisans of Don Carlos (1788–1855) and his successors, who claimed the Spanish throne under the Salic law of succession, introduced (1713) by Philip V. The law (forced on Philip by the War of the Spanish Succession to avoid a union of the French and Spanish
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 three times. In the Spanish civil warSpanish civil war,
1936–39, conflict in which the conservative and traditionalist forces in Spain rose against and finally overthrew the second Spanish republic. The Second Republic
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, Bilbao was the seat of the Basque autonomous government from 1936 until its capture (1937) by the Nationalists.

Bilbao

 

(originally Belvao, in Basque, beautiful ford), city in northern Spain, on the lower Nervión River, on the Bay of Biscay of the Atlantic Ocean. Center of the historical region of the Basque country and of the province of Vizcaya. Population, 360,400 (1968). Population of greater Bilbao, about 600,000. It is a transportation junction; the port’s freight turnover reaches almost 8 million tons a year. Bilbao is one of the country’s most important centers of heavy industry, the development of which began in the second half of the 19th century. More than 128,000 people are employed in the industry of greater Bilbao (1960), more than half of the economically active population. The major branches are ferrous metallurgy, based on nearby iron ore deposits (plants are in the suburbs of Sestao, Basauri, and Baracaldo) and construction of heavy machinery (especially the production of railroad equipment and shipbuilding). In the production of industrial equipment foreign firms, especially English, occupy important positions. The chemical industry is being developed (the production of nitric fertilizers, plastics, and so forth). There are glass and textile enterprises and other branches of industry. In the city there is a university, a higher technical school, and a museum of fine arts. The old city is on the right bank of the Nervión River; the new city was built in the late 19th and in the 20th centuries.

Bilbao was founded in 1300. During the National Revolutionary War of 1936–39, Bilbao was the capital of the autonomous Basque region and a stronghold of the republican north; it was seized by the fascists on June 20, 1937. Bilbao is a center in the struggle against the regime of Franco.

Bilbao

a port in N Spain, on the Bay of Biscay: the largest city in the Basque Provinces: famous since medieval times for the production of iron and steel goods: modern buildings include the Guggenheim Art Museum (1997). Pop.: 353 567 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mixed service contract with associated investment for the maintenance of the municipal car park buildings of the bilbao city council and the implementation of rehabilitation or reform works in the municipal parking buildings that the bilbao city council deems necessary.
Bilbao president Josu Urrutia spoke to Laporte on Wednesday and the player told him he wants to make the move, having pulled out of a move in 2016, when a fee and terms had been agreed.
During the visit, the Ambassador hosted a working lunch with businessmen, members of the various Chambers of Commerce from the region, as well as provincial government representatives who has had experiences doing business in the Philippines, to discuss 'sister city' agreement projects between Bilbao and the Philippines.
Pocos escritores han despertado tantas pasiones como el filosofo decimononico chileno Francisco Bilbao (1823-1865), dice Rafael Mondragon.
Aritz Aduriz scored a hat-trick for Bilbao in a surprise 4-0 first-leg victory before playing out a 1-1 draw in the concluding leg back in August.
He spent over two years in Spain and is remembered fondly for his efforts in Bilbao.
Bilbao piled on the pressure late on but could not find a way through.
The 51-year-old, who joined the club as a player in 1990 after brief stints at Espanyol and Barca, also coached Bilbao between 2003 and 2005 before taking the helm at clubs including Espanyol, Villarreal, Valencia and Olympiakos Piraeus.
According to the BBC, Jese gave Real the lead on his full league debut as he stabbed home Cristiano Ronaldo's low cross after the break, although substitute Ibai Gomez equalised from 20 yards for hosts Bilbao at the San Mames stadium.
Athletic Bilbao playmaker Ander Herrera has closed the door to Manchester United despite reports recently claiming that David Moyes's team are going to try signing him in the next transfer window.
5m Bilbao paid to Osasuna for Sola was too high for a limited forward who scored only nine league goals last season.
But Oscar de Marcos pulled one back for Bilbao in the 22nd by redirecting Susaeta's cross off the upright and into the net, and, after Guerra had hit the upright, Susaeta completed the comeback by tapping in a corner at the far post in the 50th.