Bildt, Carl

Bildt, Carl

(bēlt), 1949–, Swedish political leader. Born into a prominent family, he was elected to parliament in 1979 as a member of the conservative Moderate party, serving there until 2001. Party leader from 1986 to 1999, he became prime minister in 1991, at the head of a center-right coalition government. His tenure (1991–94) was marked by pro-free-market policies and other reforms aimed at improving Sweden's competitiveness and liberalizing its economy and by the modernization of Sweden's welfare system. Bildt was a key figure in the negotiations that led to Sweden's joining (1995) the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). He also served as co-chair of the Dayton peace talks in the mid-1990s, as the EU's High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995–97), and as the UN secretary-general's special envoy to the Balkans (1999–2001). He returned to Sweden's government as Prime Minister Fredrik ReinfeldtReinfeldt, Fredrik
1965–, Swedish politician. A member of the center-right Moderate party, he joined its Youth League in the 1980s, was first elected to parliament in 1991, and was president (1992–95) of the Youth League.
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's foreign minister (2006–14). He has written several books, among them Peace Journey: The Struggle for Peace in Bosnia (1999).
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