During the procedure, the left and right hepatic bile ducts
were fused after forming a long segment, and the cystic duct was observed to be draining to the right hepatic duct (Figure 1).
Anatomy of the gallbladder and bile ducts
. Surgery, 29(12):593-6, 2011.
* DAV is supporting a new bipartisan bill that would direct the Department of Veterans Affairs to conduct an epidemiological study on the prevalence of cholangiocarcinoma, or bile duct
cancer, in veterans of the Vietnam era.
adenoma (BDA) is a rare epithelial bile duct
However, because of division of the stone lesions, number of affected bile ducts
, damage of the liver parenchyma, and different stages and complications of the disease, minimally invasive therapy of hepatolithiasis has always been a difficult clinical problem.
Endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) is a well-established standard method for extraction of common bile duct
The five patients in whom a guidewire could not be exchanged underwent biliary stenting into alternative bile ducts
. All of them ultimately achieved clinical success in terms of results.
ligature (BDL) is a surgical model of cholestasis that provokes a progressive liver fibrosis leading to liver cirrhosis [3-5].
Calne, "A new technique for biliary drainage in orthotopic liver transplantation utilizing the gall bladder as a pedicle graft conduit between the donor and recipient common bile ducts
," Annals of Surgery, vol.
The cystic dilatation of the common bile duct
is a rare congenital malformation of the bile ducts
When IgG4-RD affects the bile ducts
, it goes under the term IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC).
The structural anatomy of the bile ducts
is highly variable and can be said to have almost no stable anatomy.