Biliar


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Biliar

 

a Bulgar city. The gorodishche (site of a fortified town) is in the village of Biliarsk, Tatar ASSR. Bihar’s existence dates back to the tenth century. The period of its greatest development dates to the 12th and early 13th centuries, when Biliar was the capital of Bulgaria on the Volga and the Kama. The Russian chronicle calls it “The Great City.” In 1236, Biliar was destroyed by the Mongol Tatars, after which it lost its former economic importance. The excavations of A. S. Bashkirov in 1928 uncovered brick buildings and a graveyard. Artifacts have been found which were made by local artisans, as well as some made by Eastern artisans from Iran, Middle and Southwest Asia, China, Byzantium, the Caucasus, and Russia. Since 1967 systematic excavation has been in progress under the direction of A. Kh. Khalikov.

REFERENCE

Smirnov, A. P. Volzhskie bulgary. Moscow, 1951.

A. P. SMIRNOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Frente as observacoes clinicas e ultrassonograficas, optou-se pela realizacao de avaliacao videolaparoscopica da vesicula biliar para confirmacao do diagnostico e realizacao do tratamento.
Decorridos sete dias colheu-se nova amostra de 10 ml de sangue para avaliacao e comparacao e, em seguida, os animais foram encaminhados ao centro cirurgico (foram utilizados os mesmos protocolos ambulatoriais e anestesicos usados para o procedimento obstrutivo) onde foi realizada laparotomia mediana pre-umbilical para inspecao da cavidade abdominal e desobstrucao do fluxo biliar.
Es raro que tengan sintomas relacionados despues de instaurado el ileo biliar [5,6].
Es un pigmento biliar producto del metabolismo de varias hemoproteinas y posterior conjugacion en higado.
Sobre a prevalencia da litiase biliar, Coelho, Frare e Arce (1991), por meio de avaliacao ultra-sonografica, estimaram que 14,8% da populacao de Curitiba possuiam calculos vesiculares.
Considerando que entre las causas mas frecuentes de ictericia esta la obstruccion de la via biliar por litiasis, se realizo una ecografia hepatobiliar.
Los medios de contraste que contienen yodo se utilizan para obtener imagenes de la vesicula biliar, el tracto urinario, los vasos sanguineos, el bazo, el higado y las vias biliares.
Cuando el consumo total de grasa supera la proporcion de 0.96 g de grasa/kg de peso vivo, el valor energetico de la grasa disminuye en forma lineal como resultado directo de la disminucion de la digestibilidad intestinal de los acidos grasos, principalmente C18:0; lo anterior, posiblemente resultado de una limitada capacidad de produccion biliar en el bovino cuando consume altas cantidades de lipidos.