Billie Holiday

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Holiday, Billie,

1915–59, American singer, b. Baltimore. Her original name was Eleanora Fagan. She began singing professionally in 1930, and after performing with numerous bands—especially those of Benny GoodmanGoodman, Benny
(Benjamin David Goodman), 1909–86, American clarinetist, composer, and band leader, b. Chicago. Goodman studied clarinet at Hull House. In Chicago he had the opportunity to hear (and eventually to play beside) some of the outstanding jazz musicians of the
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, Teddy Wilson, Count BasieBasie, Count
(William Basie) , 1904–84, American jazz pianist, bandleader, and composer, b. Red Bank, N.J. After working in dance halls and vaudeville in New York City, Basie moved to Kansas City, a major jazz center.
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, and Artie ShawShaw, Artie,
1910–2004, American clarinetist and bandleader, b. New York City as Arthur Jacob Arshawsky. He began playing professionally as a teenager, becoming a studio musician in New York after 1929.
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—she embarked in 1940 on a career of solo appearances in nightclubs and theaters. Her highly personal approach to a song, her individual phrasing and intonation, and the often rough but highly emotional quality of her voice soon earned her a supreme position among modern jazz singers. Although she was financially successful, she suffered many personal disasters, complicated by the drug addiction that she could not overcome and that eventually destroyed her career and hastened her death. She was also known as Lady Day.

Bibliography

See her sometimes factually inaccurate autobiography (1956); biographies by D. Clarke (1994) and S. Nicholson (1995), critical biography by J. Szwed (2015); D. Margolick, Strange Fruit (2000).

Holiday, (Eleanora) Billie “Lady Day”

(1915–59) jazz musician; born in Baltimore, Md. She is the most widely celebrated and influential singer in jazz history, but also one of its most tragic figures, her career hampered by drug addiction, prison sentences, and racial injustice. Between 1933–42, she made a brilliant series of small group recordings featuring Teddy Wilson and Lester Young and appeared with the big bands of Count Basie and Artie Shaw. Her 1939 recording of "Strange Fruit," which depicted a lynching, was a cause célèbre. She appeared in several films, including New Orleans (1946), but by the end of the 1940s her voice had begun to deteriorate, taking on a fragile huskiness that initially added to her emotional appeal. She continued to record and appear as a nightclub performer until 1959. Her autobiography, Lady Sings the Blues, was published in 1956 and was the basis for a 1973 film biography.
References in periodicals archive ?
Des artistes qui l'ont inspirA@ et marquA@ sa jeunesse, elle citera Whitney Houston, Mariah Carrey, Steve Wonder, Sting, Billy Holiday ainsi que les Boys Two Man et autres.
Big band jazz at that time took a different flavor as jazz became more mainstream and proponents of the music like Cole Porter, Glenn Miller, dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk, Billy Holiday, Nat King Cole, Frank Sinatra and Miles Davis emerged as the superstars of the era.
Love and relationships were unsurprisingly the biggest single category for weather metaphors - Ain't No Sunshine When She's Gone, crooned Bill Withers, while Billy Holiday lamented the Stormy weather after a breakup.
Her depth of influences range from Billy Holiday to Joni Mitchell, Norah Jones, Sting, Tracy Chapman, Sade, Macy Gray and a variety of pop, rock, blues and jazz.
Amy Winehouse, Blue Nile, Mull Historical Society, Billy Holiday.
Some very interesting tributes to highlight are: Tribute to Utha Likumahuwa, Dira Sugandi sings Billy Holiday, and Benjamin S (the legendary Jakarta multi-talented artist) on Jazz.
Billy Holiday had it, and so did Bessie Smith, but Ella Fitzgerald never did.
Aretha Franklin, Billy Holiday, a compilation mix my husband put on there.
Michael Gordon, who owns nearby Puffing Billy holiday cottage, spotted the rubbish while on a walk through the Reigh Burn, off Coach Road, near Newburn.
He said: "We wrote this for Billy Holiday but we are going to play it tonight for Michael Jackson.
Her influences of Billy Holiday, Dinah Washington and queen of rockabilly, Wanda Jackson, can be heard in her unique blend of music.
She grew up listening to Billy Holiday and Miles Davis.