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(bĭlŭk`sē), city (1990 pop. 46,319), Harrison co., SE Miss., on a peninsula between Biloxi Bay and Mississippi Sound, on the Gulf of Mexico; inc. as a town 1838, as a city 1896. Industries here include fishing and boatbuilding, the packing and shipping of shrimp and oysters, and several small manufactures. Beginning in 1990, casinos made Biloxi, long a beach resort, the center of a gambling boom district (which includes neighboring GulfportGulfport,
city (1990 pop. 40,775), seat of Harrison co., SE Miss., a port on Mississippi Sound, the Gulf of Mexico, in a resort area; inc. 1898. A port of entry, it receives large shipments of bananas.
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), with thousands of new hotel rooms.

The French established the first European settlement in the lower Mississippi valley in 1699 across the bay at Old Biloxi (now Ocean Springs). New Biloxi, founded in 1719, was the capital of French Louisiana until 1722, when New OrleansNew Orleans
, city (2006 pop. 187,525), coextensive with Orleans parish, SE La., between the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain, 107 mi (172 km) by water from the river mouth; founded 1718 by the sieur de Bienville, inc. 1805.
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 replaced it. Hurricane Camille wrecked the city's waterfront in 1969, and Katrina caused even greater devastation in 2005. Keesler Air Force Base and "Beauvoir" (built 1852–54), the last home of Jefferson DavisDavis, Jefferson,
1808–89, American statesman, President of the Southern Confederacy, b. Fairview, near Elkton, Ky. His birthday was June 3. Early Life

Davis's parents moved to Mississippi when he was a boy.
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, are here, as is Ohr-O'Keefe Museum of Art, designed by Frank GehryGehry, Frank Owen
, 1929–, American architect, b. Toronto, Ont., as Frank Owen Goldberg. He is widely considered one of the finest and most artful of contemporary architects. In 1947, Gehry's family moved to Los Angeles, where he attended the Univ.
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. Off the coast are the western islands of Gulf Islands National Seashore, including Ship Island, a Union fort during the Civil War.

References in periodicals archive ?
Through the month of August, the Biloxi Shrimping Trip becomes the Biloxi Fishing Trip from 6:30 to 9:30 a.
As the celebration on Front Beach continued near the foot of the bridge with live music and fireworks, headlights moved overhead where two lanes of traffic once again flowed between Biloxi and Ocean Springs.
Ruth's Chris Steak House Biloxi formally opened Sunday, July 1, 2007, in the new Hard Rock Hotel & Casino.
Biloxi can be fined $10,000 per game for each home game the stadium is not ready.
DeAngelo, Executive Vice President, Operations of Penn National Gaming commented, "Having worked at Boomtown for six years, and directly with Pat for five, Chett understands the property, the Biloxi market and our customers and is ideally qualified to assume the position of GM at Boomtown Biloxi.
E[acute accent]"Although we had been fully apprised of the scale of the project at Beau Rivage, we were truly shocked by the degree of devastation in Biloxi," commented Robert Segal, Project Executive of Tishman Construction.
Grand Biloxi has nearly completed hiring its 1,500 employees.
90 over Biloxi Bay with a 95-foot-high, 6-lane bridge.
Boomtown Biloxi said today that it will re-open ahead of schedule on Thursday, June 29 and that upon re-opening, patrons will experience an all-new, re-modeled interior and once again be able to enjoy the property's renowned 350-seat buffet featuring seafood favorites and a bakery outlet.
Harrah's expects to announce plans for the development of a destination resort in Biloxi later this summer.
DALLAS -- Tenet Healthcare Corporation (NYSE:THC) announced today that a company subsidiary has signed a definitive agreement to sell the 189-bed Gulf Coast Medical Center in Biloxi, Miss.