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(bĭlŭk`sē), city (1990 pop. 46,319), Harrison co., SE Miss., on a peninsula between Biloxi Bay and Mississippi Sound, on the Gulf of Mexico; inc. as a town 1838, as a city 1896. Industries here include fishing and boatbuilding, the packing and shipping of shrimp and oysters, and several small manufactures. Beginning in 1990, casinos made Biloxi, long a beach resort, the center of a gambling boom district (which includes neighboring GulfportGulfport,
city (1990 pop. 40,775), seat of Harrison co., SE Miss., a port on Mississippi Sound, the Gulf of Mexico, in a resort area; inc. 1898. A port of entry, it receives large shipments of bananas.
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), with thousands of new hotel rooms.

The French established the first European settlement in the lower Mississippi valley in 1699 across the bay at Old Biloxi (now Ocean Springs). New Biloxi, founded in 1719, was the capital of French Louisiana until 1722, when New OrleansNew Orleans
, city (2006 pop. 187,525), coextensive with Orleans parish, SE La., between the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain, 107 mi (172 km) by water from the river mouth; founded 1718 by the sieur de Bienville, inc. 1805.
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 replaced it. Hurricane Camille wrecked the city's waterfront in 1969, and Katrina caused even greater devastation in 2005. Keesler Air Force Base and "Beauvoir" (built 1852–54), the last home of Jefferson DavisDavis, Jefferson,
1808–89, American statesman, President of the Southern Confederacy, b. Fairview, near Elkton, Ky. His birthday was June 3. Early Life

Davis's parents moved to Mississippi when he was a boy.
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, are here, as is Ohr-O'Keefe Museum of Art, designed by Frank GehryGehry, Frank Owen
, 1929–, American architect, b. Toronto, Ont., as Frank Owen Goldberg. He is widely considered one of the finest and most artful of contemporary architects. In 1947, Gehry's family moved to Los Angeles, where he attended the Univ.
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. Off the coast are the western islands of Gulf Islands National Seashore, including Ship Island, a Union fort during the Civil War.

References in periodicals archive ?
EST - Amid reports of at least three deaths from a crash in Biloxi, Mississippi involving a train and a bus, (http://www.
It was about 30 years ago that I drove through Biloxi, Mississippi.
After riding out the hurricane in their home in Biloxi, Mississippi, Richard and his family moved to Bridgeport, Connecticut.
The Chapter donated $500 to the Biloxi Veteran's Center in order to assist in moving 69 homeless veterans out of the devastated areas in Gulfport and Biloxi, Mississippi.
Lilian Carmen Munoz Zapata, a Chilean living in Biloxi, Mississippi (El Mercurio)
Cingular revealed that much of the coverage capacity in and around Biloxi, Mississippi has been restored and service in Jackson, Mississippi and Mobile, Alabama has been fully restored.
Beverly Gregory, 52, her son Justin, 28, and her eight-year-old granddaughter Sage have been missing since Hurricane Katrina devastated Biloxi, Mississippi.
Ali Bushnell spent four days anxiously waiting for news of her brother Ashley Greatbatch, who lives in Biloxi, Mississippi, where hundreds are feared dead.
Her brother, Ashley Greatbatch, lives in Biloxi, Mississippi, where hundreds are feared dead following the devastating storm.
Last December, Airman Joshua Johnson, who is stationed at Kessler Air Force Base in Biloxi, Mississippi, visited his hometown of Kellyville, Oklahoma, during Christmas leave.
By the way, we live in a cabin in West Virginia during the summer and in Biloxi, Mississippi in the winter.
The Biloxi, Mississippi, school district recently spent $1.