Horace Binney

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Binney, Horace,

1780–1875, American lawyer, b. Philadelphia. A leading lawyer in Pennsylvania, Binney was appointed in 1808 a director of the First Bank of the United States. He served in Congress from 1833 to 1835 as an anti-Jacksonian. In 1844, opposing Daniel WebsterWebster, Daniel,
1782–1852, American statesman, lawyer, and orator, b. Salisbury (now in Franklin), N.H. Early Career

He graduated (1801) from Dartmouth College, studied law, and, after an interval as a schoolmaster, was admitted (1805) to the bar.
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, Binney argued successfully before the U.S. Supreme Court that a bequest of Stephen GirardGirard, Stephen
, 1750–1831, American merchant, banker, and philanthropist, b. Bordeaux, France. Girard went to sea and at the age of 23 was a captain. In 1776 he settled in Philadelphia as a shipowner and merchant.
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 to Philadelphia for philanthropic purposes was lawful. His argument had an important influence on the American law relating to charitable bequests. He wrote several biographies, as well as Leaders of the Old Bar of Philadelphia (1859).


See biographies by C. C. Binney (1903, repr. 1972) and H. L. Carson (1907).

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Binney, Horace

(1780–1875) lawyer; born in Philadelphia. For nearly 30 years he was leader of the Pennsylvania bar, and he held several offices, including a term in the U.S. House of Representatives (Whig, Pa.; 1833–35). His two great cases were Lyle v. Richards (1823) on real property, and Vidal v. Philadelphia (1844) on the Girard trust, argued against Daniel Webster. He later wrote legal and historical works.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.