Binomial Nomenclature

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binomial nomenclature

[bī′nō·mē·əl ‚nō·mən′klā·chər]
The Linnean system of classification requiring the designation of a binomen, the genus and species name, for every species of plant and animal.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Binomial Nomenclature


the designation of plants, animals, and microorganisms by a double name—by genus and species. Binomial nomenclature was introduced by C. Linnaeus, who systematically used it in the tenth edition of his Systema Naturae (1759). All the generally accepted zoological and botanical nomenclature in Latin comes from this work—for example, Betula pubescens (white birch), Cervus elaphus (red deer).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although we accept variation in pronunciation, we should not accept variation in the spelling of binomial names. Common spelling variants and the citation frequency (PubMed) of 4 organisms, Acinetobacter baumannii, Coccidioides immitis (the fungal causal agent of coccidioidomycosis), Coxiella burnetii (the causal agent of Q fever), and Tropheryma whipplei (the causal agent of Whipple disease), are detailed in the Table.
Therefore, any "motivations" pres ent in these aphorisms represent motivations Linnaeus had for using polynomial nomina specifica, not binomial names. Indeed, some of these motivations are outdated, and Linnaeus's polynomial phrase names have been accordingly abandoned.
Traditional binomial names, if used, would no longer reflect a genus and specific epithet and could be replaced with uninomials.