The advantage and necessity of this frame is that it has no vanishing curvature, which solves a serious problem working on usual Bishop frame since zero curvature prevents to define normal and binormal
We can choose this local coordinate system to be the Serret-Frenet frame consisting of the tangent vector [??](t), the binormal
vector [??](t), and the normal vector [??](t) vectors at any point on the curve given by
where d[V.sup.2.sub.n-2] and [[epsilon].sub.[xi][eta]] represent the volume element on (n - 2)-dimensional space-like bifurcation surface ([SIGMA]) and binormal
vector to [SIGMA] satisfying the relation [[epsilon].sub.[xi][eta]][[epsilon].sup.[xi][eta]] = -2.
The four unit vector functions are called the tangent, normal, first binormal
, and second binormal
Negative response latency was observed when the size was larger than 3.2 x 3.2mm (p < .05, Binormal
The Maximum likelihood estimation of a binormal
Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve from categorical rating data at 95% confidence interval was calculated (JROCFIT Version 1.0.2).
Approximated ROC curves were calculated on the basis of a binormal
model to compare the area under the curve (AUC) (16).
Under mild conditions we will see that a curve motion following (2) describes a curve [gamma] evolving under the binormal
flow, with velocity depending on curvature and torsion (19), and determines an immersed surface, [S.sub.[gamma]], in [M.sup.3.sub.r] ([rho]).
[e.sub.1] and [e.sub.2] are the unit vector in tangential and normal direction, respectively, and [e.sub.3] is the binormal
selection curve is the addition of two normal curves with a weighting factor (w) (Santos et al., 2003; Madsen, 2007) and the relative retention in this case is given by:
They can also import 3D scenes and contents from an existing 3D PDF as well as convert all polygons to triangles of a 3D model, and may also generate tangent and binormal
data for all meshes in 3D models.