Benjamin Netanyahu

(redirected from Binyamin Netanyahu)

Netanyahu, Benjamin

Netanyahu, Benjamin or Binyamin (bēnˈyəmēnˌ nĕtənyäˈho͞o), 1949–, Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99, 2009–), b. Tel Aviv. A member of the conservative Likud party, the self-assured Netanyahu, known universally in Israel as “BiBi, attended high school in the United States, where his father was a history professor. He was an officer in an elite Israeli commando unit from 1967 to 1972 and later studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B.Sc. 1974, M.Sc. 1976). Returning to Israel in 1978, he became active in politics and served as Israel's UN representative (1984–88). First elected to Israel's parliament in 1988, he became deputy foreign minister (1988–91) and deputy prime minister (1991–92). During this period he earned a reputation for American-style media savvy.

As leader (1993–99) of the Likud party, Netanyahu was largely responsible for engineering its return to political power after its 1992 electoral defeat. An opponent of the peace policies espoused by Israel's Labor government, he was criticized for cultivating Jewish extremist support after the 1995 assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. Narrowly elected in May, 1996, he became Israel's youngest prime minister, promising a tough stance on terrorism. His tenure was marked by difficult peace talks with the Palestinians. Corruption scandals in his cabinet and strong reactions to his personality contributed to his May, 1999, loss to One Israel (Labor) party leader Ehud Barak. Subsequently, Netanyahu served under Prime Minister Ariel Sharon as foreign minister (2002–3) and as finance minister (2003–5), but resigned and unsuccessfully challenged (2005) Sharon for the Likud leadership when Israel withdrew its settlers and forces from the Gaza Strip. When Sharon subsequently left Likud, Netanyahu became party leader; the party did poorly in the 2006 elections. A better showing in the 2009 elections enabled him to become prime minister of a largely right-wing coalition government in Apr., 2009; the centrist Kadima party joined the coalition in 2012. Despite Likud alliance loses, he remained prime minister after the 2013 elections, this time heading a center-right coalition, but the government only lasted until Dec., 2014. New elections in 2015 resulted in a Likud plurality, and Netanyahu formed a largely right-wing coalition government in May; he served as defense minister as well from Nov., 2018. In 2018 he faced a series of police corruption investigations, and in 2019 the attorney general charged him with bribery and other offenses. His wife, accused of fraud and breach of trust in a separate case, pleaded guilty in 2019 to misusing state funds. Likud won pluralities in inconclusive elections in Apr. and Sept., 2019, and no government was formed. After the Mar., 2020, election also was inconclusive, he and opposition leader Benny Gantz agreed to form a government, but it collapsed in Dec., 2020. In June 2021, Netanyahu was replaced by his former aide, Naftali Bennett, who assembled a coalition of eight different parties to narrowly defeat the prime minister, winning by one vote in the Israeli parliament.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
During a tour of the southern city of Ashkelon, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu said on Thursday that Israel would much prefer to reach an understanding with Hamas for a truce in the Gaza Strip, but is at the same preparing a broad campaign "that will surprise everyone."
The North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong-Ho on Monday has slammed Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu just one day before a meeting between North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and President Donald Trump.
Rapping Netanyahu: The representative of the Iranian Jewish community in the Majlis took the podium last week to deliver a scathing speech against Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, saying he would receive a "crushing responsee" if he ever attacked Iranian "national interests," which he essentially does daily.
Kerry was scheduled to meet Israeli President Shimon Peres and Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem tonight but the meetings have been put off until tomorrow due to the snowstorm which hit the region.
What is striking is how dissimilar the mainstream of Jewish Americans is to the ruling Likud Party in Israel, headed by Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.
Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu has welcomed the European Unionas decision to include Hezbollahas military wing on its list of terrorist organizations.
President Barack Obama on Thursday urged Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to resume negotiations with the Palestinian Authority "as soon as possible," the White House said in a statement.
Shanghai, May 6 (BNA) - Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu arrived Monday in Shanghai at the beginning of a five day visit to China.
21 ( ANI ): Israeli prime minister Binyamin Netanyahu has vowed to reject international demands to allow a Palestinian state with a border based on the pre-1967 Green Line and its capital in East Jerusalem, as hardline pro-settler parties and factions are expected to make unprecedented gains in Tuesday's election.
GAZA STRIP (TAP) - The Israeli Prime Minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, has said it is prepared for a "significant" widening of its Gaza offensive.
<![CDATA[ Sources close to the Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu say he was against the Shalit deal.