bioinformatics

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bioinformatics

[‚bī·ō‚in·fər′mad·iks]
(computer science)
The use of computers to study biological systems.

bioinformatics

(application)
The field of science concerning the application of computer science and information technology to biology; using computers to handle biological information, especially computational molecular biology.

bioinformatics

Using computers in biological research to analyze or predict the composition of molecules (nucleic acids, proteins, etc.) and model biologic systems. Bioinformatics is most prominent in the Human Genome Project, which has recorded the three billion chemical base pairs that make up the human DNA system. See biotechnology and Human Genome Project.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sequencing reactions were sent to the Oregon State University Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing Core Laboratory Facility (Corvallis, OR) and processed on an ABI 3730 capillary sequencer (Foster City, CA).
Further variations in biocomputing use proteins instead of nucleic acids [161], or DNA hairpin formation [162], self-assemblies and cellular computation, in which cells are considered computational elements.
In February 2010, the School of Informatics served as a co-founding partner with the National Institute of Technology in Calicut, India to sponsor an International Symposium on Biocomputing focused on integrating research in bioinformatics and biotechnology - two fields of study that bridge the gap between information technology and biology.
The resulting polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products were compared by WU BLAST software (Advanced Biocomputing, St Louis, MO, USA) with the genomic data showed on GenBank (National Center for Biotechnology Information, www.
He is the Director of the Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing (CGRB), the Stewart Professor for Gene Research, and Distinguished Professor of Botany and Plant Pathology at Oregon State University in Corvallis, OR.
In Proceedings of the 2003 Pacific Simposium on Biocomputing.
Some earlier work based on small amounts of DNA indicated this same problem, but now we have more conclusive evidence based on the study of almost an entire mitochondrial genome," said Dee Denver, an evolutionary biologist with the Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing at Oregon State University.
However, separating platform technology such as contract manufacturing and kit consumable processes in common molecular and diagnostic equipment (Casper, 2000) from the enabling technology (information technology, bioinformatics, biocomputing etc.
Taking example of intra and inter-cellular communications, existing in living organisms; the information carrying and manipulation properties of nanostructures like atomic/molecular clusters, quantum dots, macro and bio molecules attempts are going on to explore them for their use in future biocomputing (Steve Farrar, 2006).