Biological Evolution

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Biological Evolution: Chemical evolution
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Evolution, Biological


the historical development of organisms. Evolution is determined by hereditary variation, the struggle for existence, and natural and historical selection. It results in the adaptation of organisms to their environment, changes in the genetic composition of entire populations and individual species, the formation of species and the extinction of less adapted ones, and the transformation of ecosystems and of the biosphere as a whole. The term “evolution” was first used in biology by the Swiss naturalist and philosopher C. Bonnet (1762). The causes and regularities underlying evolution constitute the subject matter of the doctrine of evolution.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In general, the biological evolution of mammals is conservative: the overlap between various regions of the mouse and human TIP39 gene varies between 80% and 96%, while the genetic material of humans overlaps with that of the chimpanzee within 99.4% (see Wildman, Uddin, Liu, Grossman, Goodman 7181).
Proceeding further than Ibn Ezra and Radak, we can understand that the biblical account of creation may indeed imply an actual, permanent cessation of biological evolution as we know it, from the simple to the more complex.
Linguistic inheritance mechanisms ensure that certain resources are transmitted from one generation to the next, can give rise to evolution in languages, and cannot directly give rise to biological evolution (linguistic structures discretize the media in which they are realized and the information that they carry).
Creating a legal taxonomy is a human endeavor based on judgment rather than natural selection by survival in the rough-and-tumble-world of biological evolution. Further, the currency in the trade of legal taxonomy is law, which itself can be characterized as a mere artifact of sentient life and, perhaps, as no more than a fleeting abstract idea devoid of the stuff on which evolution works.
And it is the accumulation of these advantages over time in the surviving populations that results in the increasing biodiversity and biocomplexity known as biological evolution.
Muslim theologians must criticize not only biological evolution but also the Christian, and by that I mean the modernistic Christian theological understanding of biological evolution.
Role of domestic ducks in the propagation and biological evolution of highly pathogenic H5N 1 influenza viruses in Asia.
One topic is the role of biological evolution in consciousness and psi.
Pascual asserted correctly that biological evolution is compatible with Catholic doctrine.
But while conservatives accept the invisible hand of the market, many reject the equally powerful invisible hand of biological evolution. The notion of "intelligent design," which received much attention late last year from many conservatives (including, unfortunately, President Bush), is the exact antithesis of the notion of the invisible hand.
Christians should know about biological evolution, the book says, if only to counter a Satan who "has used evolutionary theory effectively against Christians."
Outside biological evolution, selectionist processes are acknowledged in immunology in relation to the production of novel antibodies in response to attacks from new viruses or bacteria.

Full browser ?