Biological Sensors

Sensors, Biological

 

technological measuring devices attached to an animal, person, or plant in order to record biological processes.

Modern biological sensors convert the biophysical or biochemical quantity being investigated into some sort of electrical signals. Biological sensors that record physiological factors are called physiological sensors. Biological sensors are used in biotelemetry for the remote observation of animal behavior under natural or near-natural conditions (for example, in studying migrations of fish or birds), in ecological research, in studying the body state of aviators and astronauts, in the physiology of work and athletics, and in clinical practice. Some biological sensors are applied to the body surface (for example, thermocouples for measuring skin temperature, electrodes in electroencephalography and electrocardiography, and sensors attached to an animal to record its movements in an experimental chamber or open-air cage). Other sensors are inserted inside the body: they are implanted (for example, electrodes in the brain), introduced by means of a probe, or introduced in the form of so-called radiocapsules into the cavities of the stomach, heart, or other organs. Biological sensors are classified according to the factor recorded (movement, growth, respiration, cardiac activity), the type of contact with the body, and the principle of operation.

References in periodicals archive ?
This tiny-but-tidy structure, the researchers believe, could be tremendously useful for everything from harnessing the power of bioenergy to cleaning up pollution to creating biological sensors. It could actually serve as the bridge between electronics and living cells.
When asked to rate the importance of technology trends for use by their mobile workforce, buyers rated Big Data (52%) the most important, closely followed by IoT (51%) and Sensor technologies (41%), including atmosphere, temperature and biological sensors. The main drivers for the technologies were improved business efficiency and productivity.
Singapore, Singapore, June 06, 2018 --(PR.com)-- In a pioneering study, scientists led by Dr Wan Yue (Senior Research Scientist) and Professor Niranjan Nagarajan (Associate Director and Senior Group Leader) at the Agency for Science, Technology and Research's (A*STAR) Genome Institute of Singapore (GIS), developed the first rapid, large scale structure-probing screening method for biological sensors known as riboswitches, or RNA sensors.
military also needs help transferring data from chemical and biological sensors to the commanders' common operating pictures, Hann added.
"This could eliminate the buildup of biological materials on the surface that would inhibit the optimal performance of devices such as chemical or biological sensors."
Chemical and biological sensors have emerged as dynamic approaches for detecting specific analytes for environmental protection, medical diagnostics, food and industrial safety, and security.
In the health field, a glucometer is equipped with biological sensors that measure the amount of glucose in a patient's body.
"We have a very large number of physical, chemical, geological and biological sensors out there all operating together.
Her research will be applied to the development of biological sensors that could be used by hospitals to improve reliability in the diagnosis of viruses and diseases such as cancer.
The networking of chemical and biological sensors with a force protection early warning defense system will be demonstrated through the early warning component.
UAV's remote sensing functions include electromagnetic spectrum sensors, biological sensors, and chemical sensors.

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