And SI represents the excess risk from exposure to those two factors when there is a biological interaction
relative to the risk from exposure to both without interactive effect.
It is further possible in this type of experiment to look at the effects of pH, temperature, ionic strength, and solution composition on a biological interaction
The advances in high-throughput experimental technology and system biology have led to an explosive growth of biological interaction
data in both size and complexity, and promoting network-based methods become the key to understand biological activities [1, 2].
The biomaterials sector is rapidly expanding and significant advances have been made in the technology of biomedical coatings and materials, which provide a means to improve the wear of joints, change the biological interaction
between implant and host and combine the properties of various materials to improve device performance.
This suggests that the biological interaction
between the nicotinic receptors and AD pathology is complex," he said.
For inference about causal mechanisms, epidemiologists have often relied on a single criterion, the additivity of risk differences, considering deviation from risk difference additivity (RDA) to be the single appropriate metric for examination of biological interaction
(Ahlbom and Alfredsson 2005).
This activity may be important, said Finkel, because G1 is a resting phase, and a biological interaction
that "wakes up" a latent infected cell may reactivate the infection.
Specialists at the new Cambridge University laboratory will study biological interaction
between a mother and her foetus to try to understand more about why biological processes fail during pregnancy.
"Our study con firms this, that there must be some biological interaction
between beta carotene and smoking."
Coevolution became a fuzzy concept that could be used to explain almost any characteristic of a biological interaction
. This led to a backlash where some questioned the usefulness of a very broadly defined coevolution concept, while others questioned how widespread coevolution was in nature.
Yet for most viruses, little has been uncovered about the underlying biological interactions
that drive these relationships and give rise to disease.