biomimetics


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Related to biomimetics: Biomimicry

biomimetics

[¦bī·ō·mə¦med·iks]
(biochemistry)
A branch of science in which synthetic systems are developed by using information obtained from biological systems.
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Scientists working in a new field known as biomimetic robotics believe that humans can solve real-world problems by dissecting this and other forms of animal intelligence, and then using that knowledge to design, build, and program autonomous machines with similar superhuman capabilities.
Biomimetic scaling dictates that a robot need mimic the animal's biological characteristics only to the degree that those features support the concept being tested.
The study offish swimming, for example, has obvious tie-ins to underwater locomotion and naval interests, and much of the work in structural biomimetics (how biology builds structures) is of interest to the Army due to the potential for producing next-generation, lightweight armor based on naturally occurring biological composite materials.
In short, biomimetics should allow for smaller, lighter, less complicated, and easier-to-maintain sensor systems.
The biomimetics specialists weren't surprised to find that the spicules have a finely layered structure; that's also the way seashells are made.
UNIQUE APPLICATION Biomimetic fins are already in commercial use, although in applications that earlier researchers might not have expected.