Biotelemetry


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

biotelemetry

[¦bī·ō·tə′lem·ə·trē]
(engineering)
The use of telemetry techniques, especially radio waves, to study behavior and physiology of living things.

Biotelemetry

 

a method of long-distance investigation of biological phenomena and measurement of biological parameters.

Appropriate sensors are attached to the object under study (animal or human being), and its signals characterizing various biological or physiological processes (locomotion, pulse, respiration, and so on) are transmitted via communication channels (radio or telephone) and recorded at an information-receiving point. The process in question, if it is nonelectrical in nature, is first transformed into some electrical signals. Telemetry makes it possible to carry on investigations at great distances (for example, in space flights) or while the object is moving (during athletic contests or in the course of work).

Telemetry also makes it possible to transmit signals about the processes that take place in the internal organs. For this purpose one or more ultraminiature radiotransmitters (so-called radiocapsules) are introduced into a body cavity (the stomach or intestine) or implanted in tissue. Telemetry can be used to study the behavior of animals in their normal habitat and under conditions that used to make it impossible to investigate physiological processes, during the flight of birds, for example.

Biotelemetry is now an important factor in space biology and space medicine, in the physiology of work and sports, and in the ecology and physiology of animals.

REFERENCES

Biotelemetriia [collection of articles]. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from English.)
Rozenblat, V. V. Radiotelemetricheskie issledovaniia ν sportivnoi meditsine. Moscow, 1967.
Problemy radiotelemetrii ν fiziologii i meditsine: Materialy III Vsesoiuznogo simpoziuma. Sverdlovsk, 1968.
Caceres, C. A., and I. K. Cooper. Biomedical Telemetry. New York, 1965.

E. B. BABSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier this month, BioTelemetry and LifeWatch entered into a definitive transaction agreement under which BioTelemetry will launch a tender offer in Switzerland to acquire all of the outstanding shares of LifeWatch.
The Influence of dissolved oxygen on winter habitat selection by Largemouth Bass: an integration of field biotelemetry studies and laboratory experiments.
In the future, Cammaerts from Ansible expects that biotelemetry measurements will play an even larger part of core vehicle development work--and involve new ways of monitoring drivers and vehicles during DIL simulator experiments.
Trapping techniques, handling methods, and equipment use in biotelemetry study of long-eared owls.
Monitoring reproductive status and other physiological parameters in the wild can be facilitated by broader deployment of biotelemetry devices and the use of mobile communication networks.
A revolution in biotelemetry, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's InjectaTag makes the previously impossible possible by allowing scientists to track more fish species than before.
37] described a number of investigations into the responsiveness and on-line measurability of deep body temperature in commercial broilers using a biotelemetry system.
Can biotelemetry information improve trap-net catch rates of adult white crappie?
Biotelemetry is a valid and necessary method used by fisheries management biologists to observe freshwater fish and understand behavior.
In conclusion, we encourage biotelemetry or radio-acoustic count experiments to elucidate whether the lateral connection is able to promote fish transpositions, and to investigate the role of non-traditional dams in fish assemblage distribution.
The specific objectives of this portion of the study were to 1) determine the range and fidelity of the AUV-based acoustic receiver/hydrophone system for recording ultrasonic reference transmitters (similar to those used for biotelemetry studies) placed at known locations and depths in a complex marine environment, and 2) compare telemetry data obtained for reference transmitters and free-ranging acoustically-tagged animals using both AUV and vessel-based tracking to determine if AUV platforms provide comparable or better information than conventional methods.

Full browser ?