Bird, Malcolm J.

Bird, Malcolm J.

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Malcolm J. Bird was the research officer of the American Society for Psychical Research from 1925 until 1931. Prior to that, he was the associate editor for The Scientific American’s investigation of the physical phenomena of Spiritualism. On the suggestion of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Bird traveled to Europe to investigate mediums including Ada Emma Deane, William Hope, Gladys Osbourne Leonard, Evan Powell, John C. Sloan, and Maria Vollhardt. In his book My Psychic Adventures (1924), Bird stated that he believed the phenomena were due neither to hallucination nor collective hypnosis. He went so far as to say that he thought that a good degree of probability existed for the genuineness of much of the psychic phenomena he witnessed.

Bird also published Margery the Medium (1925), in which he traced the development of Margery Crandon from 1923 through 1925. This book detailed The Scientific American investigation of her mediumship. Bird himself, along with fellow investigator Hereward Carrington, became completely convinced that Margery’s mediumship was authentic.


Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan: The History of Spiritualism. New York: Doran, 1926
Fodor, Nandor: Encyclopedia of Psychic Science. London: Arthurs Press, 1933
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