Birka


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Birka

 

a city on Björkö Island, in the southeastern part of Lake Mälaren in Sweden. Founded circa 800; destroyed by fire circa 975. Birka consisted of a castle on a steep cliff and of the city proper. Extensive graveyards are located outside the ramparts that surround the town. About 1,200 grave sites, mainly under burial mounds, were investigated by the Swedish archaeologist J. Stolpe from 1871 to 1895. Along with the graves of ordinary citizens, there are graves in wooden frames made of notched logs that contain female slaves, horses, armament, precious ornaments, and utensils. The finds show that the population of Birka conducted trade with neighboring countries.

REFERENCE

Arbman, H. Die Gräber, Tafeln und Text. Stockholm-Uppsala, 1940–43. (In the series Birka: Untersuchungen und Studien, vol. 1.)
References in periodicals archive ?
PRPS1 & PRPS5 (packages A & C) are located at Umm Birka and Al Thumama respectively and are two of a total of five new Primary Reservoir Pumping Station (PRPS) sites.
Work on other reservoirs will be taken up in coming months in Umm Birka, Rawdat al Rashed, Abu Nakhla and Al Thumama, Dr Mohamed Saleh al-Sada said.
Excavators of a Viking trading center in Sweden called Birka recovered the silver ring in the late 1800s.
Birka, 81km north to Muscat, and other northern Oman towns like Musanah experienced hailstorm.
The mega storage facilities will be based in Umm Birka, Umm Salal, Al Thumama, Rawdhat Rashid and Abu Nakhla.
Abdel Halim Ashra, 54, was killed in an airstrike on Wednesday in the area of Birka Deir al-Balah, but his body wasn't discovered until Friday.
Companies Listed Aalborg Industries ABB Alfa Laval Asian Naga Auramarine Ltd Birka Cargo Ab, former United Shipping Ltd Calgon Carbon Corp.
Muscat: At a time when demand for vegetables has soared in the month of Ramadan, officers at the Public Authority for Consumer Protection (PACP) seized 27,000kg of rotten potatoes from a dump site in Birka town, about 170km north of Muscat.
They come mostly from Umm Jurua, Bela Frash, Kala and Birka Saira, according to a camps coordinator.
We got information that an Asian national was trying to smuggle a group by sea off Birka town about 100km north to Muscat," said Major Aqil Bin Abdullah Al Ajmi, who was in charge of the ROP operation.
In general, the graves contained relatively few grave goods, especially when compared to other Viking age cemeteries, for example Birka.