Born Jan. 20, 1893, in Copenhagen. Danish ethnographer and archaeologist; investigated the culture and life-style of the Eskimos and Indians of the American North. Became professor at the University of Copenhagen in 1945.
In 1918, Birket-Smith conducted ethnographical work in Greenland; from 1921 to 1923 he participated in a Danish expedition to the arctic region of North America; and in 1933 he conducted ethnographical and archaeological research in Alaska. Birket-Smith’s theoretical views approach diffusionism.
WORKSThe Caribou Eskimos. Copenhagen, 1929.
The Eskimos. London, 1936.
The Chugach Eskimo. Copenhagen, 1953.