Birket-Smith, Kaj

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Birket-Smith, Kaj


Born Jan. 20, 1893, in Copenhagen. Danish ethnographer and archaeologist; investigated the culture and life-style of the Eskimos and Indians of the American North. Became professor at the University of Copenhagen in 1945.

In 1918, Birket-Smith conducted ethnographical work in Greenland; from 1921 to 1923 he participated in a Danish expedition to the arctic region of North America; and in 1933 he conducted ethnographical and archaeological research in Alaska. Birket-Smith’s theoretical views approach diffusionism.


The Caribou Eskimos. Copenhagen, 1929.
The Eskimos. London, 1936.
The Chugach Eskimo. Copenhagen, 1953.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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