Birobidzhan

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Birobidzhan:

see Jewish Autonomous RegionJewish Autonomous Region
or Birobidzhan
, autonomous region (1995 pop. 211,900), c.13,800 sq mi (35,700 sq km), Khabarovsk Territory, Russian Far East, in the basins of the Biro and Bidzhan rivers, tributaries of the Amur. The capital is Birobidzhan.
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, Russia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Birobidzhan

 

(named for the Bira and Bidzhan rivers), a city, center of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, RSFSR. Located on the Bira River (tributary of the Amur). Railroad station on the Trans-Siberian Railway, 175 km west of Khabarovsk. Population, 56,000 (1970; in 1939, 30,000). There is light industry (production of knit and sewn articles, footwear, and others). The Dal’sel’mash Agricultural Machinery Plant and a power transformer plant are located in Birobidzhan, as are enterprises of the woodworking and food industries. There are evening mechanical and mechanical engineering technicums and medical, pedagogical, and cultural enlightenment colleges. There is a museum of regional studies and two national theaters (Jewish and Russian). Birobidzhan arose in 1928 on the location of the small Tikhon’kaia station. It has been a city since 1937.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Birobidzhan

, Birobijan
1. a city in SE Russia: capital of the Jewish Autonomous Region. Pop.: 82 000 (1994)
2. another name for the Jewish Autonomous Region
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Birobidjan has seen rejuvenation in Jewish culture since the city's synagogue center reopened in 2004.
Salsberg pointed out that the policy had worked more severe hardships on Jews than on others, because unlike Georgians or Ukrainians who enjoyed their own national territories in which cultural expressions in their language were still possible, Jews had no viable national territory in the Soviet Union, outside of Birobidjan, which was failing and provided only "a dimly flickering cultural candle." (60) His recent conversations in Moscow, Joe confided to Vochenblatt's readers, left him convinced that "the Soviet party and the Soviet leaders have still not returned to the principled track [Leninism] in their nationalities policy." (61)
Fefer and other Jewish writers of the Russian Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee had been arrested and charged with attempting to have the Jewish Autonomous region in Birobidjan moved to the Crimean Peninsula.
Because of the connection made by the Boyle family to the Birobidjan orphanage, the third segment project was a popular choice.
Because of the unusually close connection between the congregation and the Birobidjan orphanage, it is expected donations for its support may be a record-setting $2,000.
One of the organizations prominent in this campaign was the American Committee for the Settlement of Jews in Birobidjan. The Committee, also called Ambijan, was formed in 1934.
What you need for Birobidjan, then, is not the physiologically hardy but the psychologically adaptable," people whose courage could not be broken.
Among these was one from Stefansson, who was now also listed as a member of Ambijan's Board of Directors and Governors: "The Birobidjan project seems to me to offer a most statesmanlike contribution to the problem of the rehabilitation of eastern and central European Jewry" (Ambijan, 1936:6, 36).
* Russian President Dmitriy Medvedev became the first Russian head-of-state to visit Birobidjan, the capital city of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.
Petersburg three, and if one's travels extend to Irkutsk and distant Birobidjan, the tourist will find one synagogue in each city.
They chose little Kevin because, "with his dimple, many people say he looks just like one of us." Kevin was born in a hospital in the region of Birobidjan, a seven-hour flight east of Moscow.
The next step was for the Boyles to plan their flight to Birobidjan and make arrangements for a home-stay.