Birom

Birom

 

(also Burum, Shosho, Kibo; self-designation, Biroom), a people occupying the territory west of the city of Jos in Nigeria. Together with neighboring peoples related to them by language and culture (Jerawa, Chawai, Kurama, Lala, and others), they number about 500,000 (1967 estimate). The Birom language is related to the Eastern Bantoid language group. The Hausa language is also widespread among them. The majority of the Birom profess Islam, although some preserve the traditional religious beliefs. Their basic occupations are terrace agriculture (millet and peanuts) and livestock raising.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the eastern Nigeria, there are Igbo, Ijaw, Itsekiri, Isoko, Urhobo, Abua, Odual, Ogbia, Engenni, Ogini, Ndoki, Delta-Igbo, Bini, Birom, Angass and Efik etc.
The PDP expressed the belief that the life of every Nigerian is sacred, saying: 'All Nigerians must be protected whether they are Birom, Basange, Igbira, Tiv, Idoma, Hausa, Igbo, Fulani, Gbagyi, Yoruba or from any other tribe whatsoever.
Four tenders for the completion of (a) the Social Care Unit in Sawada Village, (b) adding of a second upper floor in Al Birom Village, (c) completion of Al Azazi Services Complex, also (d) the completion of Al Ghazali local municipality garage.
Thus, even though "eyebrows were raised," Sharwood-Smith arranged for the Sultan of Sokoto to drop by the home of Rwang Pam, the chief of the Birom, one of the ethnic groups most active in the Middle Belt Movement.
Sklar traces the origins of the Middle Belt Movement back to the formation of the Birom Progressive Union (BPU) in 1945 by Patrick Dokotri, "a former Catholic seminary student." (20) According to Sklar, the original aim of the BPU was to agitate before the colonial government for improvements in the Biroms' political and economic situation.
For instance, the Yoruba, Edo-Bini, Nupe, the Tiv, the Idoma, the Igala, the Ebira, the Birom, the Kanuri, the various Hausa City States of Kano, Zamfara, Katsina, Rano, Gobir, and their likes are known to have established monarchical systems of political administration which were neither despotic nor authoritarian.
It is not Fulani versus Tiv people thing or Fulani versus Birom or Fulani versus any other different ethnic groups in Nigeria.
Others such as the Igala, the Birom, the Ebira, the Jukun and the Idoma are the Christian dominated area in the region.
Also, there were cultural displays by other ethnic groups like the Tiv, Yoruba, Igbo, Birom, among others, who had made the city their home.
Eglash cites the example of the random music of the Birom, a form of musical instrument indigenous to Nigeria that has something of a white noise distribution of sounds, as follows:
The onomatopoeia of Birom, mimicking Eglash's use of the Rossler attractor as feedback (1999:169), can be represented in the following fractal mathematical expression:
These include the Tiv Progressive Union (TPU); Middle Zone League (MZL); Middle-Belt People's Party (MBPP); United Middle-Belt Congress (UMBC); Northern Nigeria Non-Muslim League; Birom progressive Union (BPU), with a strong backing from the Christian missionaries, especially SIM and SUM (Dudley, 1968, pp.90-103).