Birthday of Iqbal

Iqbal (Muhammad), Birthday of

November 9
In Pakistan, November 9 has been declared a national holiday to celebrate the birthday of Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal, a famous Pakistani poet and philosopher.
Iqbal was born in the city of Sialkot in the Punjab province of Pakistan on November 9, 1877. He was an educated man. In college, he studied English literature, philosophy, and Arabic. While in college, he discovered Urdu poetry, and some of his poems were published in 1901. Soon afterward, he gained recognition as a rising star in Urdu literature. He earned a masters degree in philosophy and served as a lecturer in history, philosophy, and political science.
Iqbal spent time in Europe for graduate studies and then taught in England and Germany. During this time, he wrote and lectured on Islamic subjects that helped him gain recognition in literary circles. Iqbal returned to India in 1908 and practiced law until 1934, when his deteriorating health forced him to give up his practice. He died in 1938. His tomb is in Lahore, the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab.
To honor Iqbal, Pakistan has declared November 9 a national holiday. On this day, a number of functions are held to honor the great poet. Many educational institutions sponsor programs that showcase his life and achievements. In addition to the main function at Iqbal's tomb, the National Museum of Pakistan in Karachi exhibits Iqbal's personal belongings, including his costumes, books, and publications.
Iqbal Academy Pakistan
Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Culture
6th Fl., Academy Block
Aiwan-e-Iqbal Complex
Lahore, Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.