(Exchange Gazette). (1) A daily liberal bourgeois political, economic, and literary newspaper published in St. Petersburg (1861–79). Birzhevye vedomosti reflected the interests of commercial circles of the liberal bourgeoisie. Its publisher and editor was K. V. Trubnikov. When publishing rights were transferred to V. A. Poletik in 1875, the oppositional tone of the newspaper intensified sharply. It received a warning from the censors, and it ceased publication from time to time.
In the 1870’s the newspaper’s staff included N. S. and V. S. Kurochkin, N. K. Mikhailovskii, A. N. Pleshcheev, and A. M. Skabichevskii. In 1879, Birzhevye vedomosti became the newspaper Molva, which was published until 1881.
(2) A bourgeois newspaper of moderately liberal tendencies published in St. Petersburg (1880–1917). At first Birzhevye vedomosti was published biweekly, then four times weekly. Beginning in 1885 it was published daily. It was founded by S. M. Propper. The publishers and editors were S. M. Propper, V. A. Bondi, I. I. Iasinskii, and others. Beginning in 1893 there were two editions of Birzhevye vedomosti: one for St. Petersburg and a cheaper one for the provinces.
Birzhevye vedomosti was noted for its unscrupulousness and corruption. In 1905 it became the organ of the Constitutional Democrats. In December 1905 the newspaper changed its name twice (to Svobodnyi narod and Narodnaia svoboda). After 1906, Birzhevye vedomosti continued to represent the interests of the bourgeoisie, although it was formally a nonparty organ. The newspaper was closed in October 1917 for anti-Soviet propaganda.