Birzhevye Vedomosti

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Birzhevye Vedomosti


(Exchange Gazette). (1) A daily liberal bourgeois political, economic, and literary newspaper published in St. Petersburg (1861–79). Birzhevye vedomosti reflected the interests of commercial circles of the liberal bourgeoisie. Its publisher and editor was K. V. Trubnikov. When publishing rights were transferred to V. A. Poletik in 1875, the oppositional tone of the newspaper intensified sharply. It received a warning from the censors, and it ceased publication from time to time.

In the 1870’s the newspaper’s staff included N. S. and V. S. Kurochkin, N. K. Mikhailovskii, A. N. Pleshcheev, and A. M. Skabichevskii. In 1879, Birzhevye vedomosti became the newspaper Molva, which was published until 1881.

(2) A bourgeois newspaper of moderately liberal tendencies published in St. Petersburg (1880–1917). At first Birzhevye vedomosti was published biweekly, then four times weekly. Beginning in 1885 it was published daily. It was founded by S. M. Propper. The publishers and editors were S. M. Propper, V. A. Bondi, I. I. Iasinskii, and others. Beginning in 1893 there were two editions of Birzhevye vedomosti: one for St. Petersburg and a cheaper one for the provinces.

Birzhevye vedomosti was noted for its unscrupulousness and corruption. In 1905 it became the organ of the Constitutional Democrats. In December 1905 the newspaper changed its name twice (to Svobodnyi narod and Narodnaia svoboda). After 1906, Birzhevye vedomosti continued to represent the interests of the bourgeoisie, although it was formally a nonparty organ. The newspaper was closed in October 1917 for anti-Soviet propaganda.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The late imperial world of the Russian dailies gave Witte a wide selection from which to choose temporary allies--Aleksei Sergeevich Suvorin's Novoe vremia, Vasiliii Mikhailovich Sobolevskii's Russkie vedomosti, Osip Konstantinovich Notovich's Novosti, and Stanislav Maksimovich Propper's Birzhevye vedomosti became the most popular newspapers during the last quarter of the 19th century.
In 1867, Fadeev published a series of articles critical of War Minister Dmitrii Alekseevich Miliutin's reforms in Russkii vestnik and articulated his Pan-Slavic goals in a series of articles in Birzhevye vedomosti, which he published separately as Mnenie o vostochnom voprose (An Opinion on the Eastern Question) in 1870, just when the issue of Russia's support for the Balkan Slavs was becoming a hot topic in the press.
By this time, Witte had already established a good personal relationship with Propper, editor of the influential Birzhevye vedomosti in St.
Although Witte used Novoe vremia, Russkie vedomosti, Novosti, and Birzhevye vedomosti, his favorite became Suvorin's Novoe vremia, not least because it was the most popular Russian daily read abroad and considered the voice of Russian public opinion in Europe.
Birzhevye vedomosti supported the merchant class and criticized all forms of subsidies for large-scale industry.
(75) Birzhevye vedomosti demanded an end to "all indulgences for the gentry." (76) Russkie vedomosti bemoaned "land hunger" in the villages and came out adamantly against gentry landownership.
Finally, she provides statistical data on newspaper circulation, censorship punishment, and newspaper contents by topic for major dailies such as Golos, Peterburgskii listok, Novoe vremia, and Birzhevye vedomosti.
Petersburg newspaper Birzhevye vedomosti (31 July/13 August).
"Unheard-of German Villainy in Kalisz," ran a headline in the normally staid Birzhevye vedomosti (1/14 August), relaying the "shocking facts of vandalism by the German troops." (40) The "Germanic beasts" had inflicted a "blood bath" on the peaceful population, a survivor recounts.
(55) Birzhevye vedomosti does not spell out the lesson to be drawn from this display of courage and loyalty, but it is clearly at odds with the accusations of Jewish cowardice and treachery that soon pervaded the Russian press.
(60) The case of the Jewish girl who spurned the lieutenant's advances recurred word for word as recounted in Birzhevye vedomosti. The testimony of Sokolov's widow was taken directly from Novoe vremia.
(64) The report in Birzhevye vedomosti (3/16 August) described the portly businessman as having been shot when he failed to keep pace with the others under escort.