Besançon

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Besançon

(bəzäNsôN`), city (1990 pop. 119,134), capital of Doubs dept., E France, in Franche-Comté, on the Doubs. An industrial town with metallurgical, textile, and food-processing industries, it is especially famous for its clock and watch manufactures; its watch school is world renowned. Of Gallo-Roman origin, Besançon was an archiepiscopal see from the 5th cent. Although part of the kingdom of BurgundyBurgundy
, Fr. Bourgogne , historic region, E France. The name once applied to a large area embracing several kingdoms, a free county (see Franche-Comté), and a duchy.
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, it was made (by Emperor Frederick IFrederick I
or Frederick Barbarossa
[Ital.,=red beard], c.1125–90, Holy Roman emperor (1155–90) and German king (1152–90), son of Frederick of Hohenstaufen, duke of Swabia, nephew and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III.
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) a free city, with special privileges for its archbishops. It maintained its independence, with interruptions, until 1648, when it passed under Spanish rule through its incorporation with Franche-ComtéFranche-Comté
or Free County of Burgundy,
former province and former administrative region, E France. It is coextensive with Haute-Saône, Doubs, and Jura depts.
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. After Louis XIVLouis XIV,
1638–1715, king of France (1643–1715), son and successor of King Louis XIII. Early Reign

After his father's death his mother, Anne of Austria, was regent for Louis, but the real power was wielded by Anne's adviser, Cardinal Mazarin.
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's second conquest of Franche-Comté (1674), Besançon became (1676) the capital of his new province. Although bombed during World War II, many old monuments remain: Roman ruins; the 17th-century citadel on a bluff above the city's center; a cathedral (12th–16th cent.) with a bell tower that contains a 19th-century astronomical clock; and numerous buildings in Spanish Renaissance style, notably the Palais Granvelle (birthplace of Cardinal GranvelleGranvelle, Antoine Perrenot de
, 1517–86, statesman in the service of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and of King Philip II of Spain; cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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, now a museum) and the imposing town hall. An intellectual center, Besançon is the seat of a university (founded 1422 in Dôle and moved to Besançon in 1691), a music academy (founded 1726), and an international music festival.
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References in periodicals archive ?
"The site location is a perfect location for multifamily housing," Bisanz said.
In this sense, we know that less skilled individuals are also less effective in arithmetic facts retrieval, calculation strategies and, in addition, they also show a larger problem size effect than their counterparts (e.g., Hecht, 1999; Jackson & Coney, 2007b; LeFevre, Bisanz, et al, 1996; LeFevre et al, 1996; Thevenot et al, 2007).
LeFevre, Jo-Anne, Sheri-Lynn Skwarchuk, Brenda Smith-Chant, Lisa Fast, Deepthi Kamawar, and Jeffrey Bisanz. 2009.
And third, procedural strategies could be less efficient--slower and more error-prone--in large than in small problems (LeFevre, Sadesky, & Bisanz, 1996).
[21.] Bisanz A, Tucker AM, Amin DM, Patel D, Calderon BB, Joseph MM, Curry EA 3rd.
Bisanz (2011) suggested this study has implications for nursing practice as it has laid "the groundwork for the development of a predictive model" for POI (p.
For over a decade, instructors have recognized the potential value of utilizing media reports of scientific research in instruction to foster scientific literacy (Korpan, Bisanz, Bisanz & Henderson, 1997).
Researchers suggest the importance of reading strategies (Bryce, 2011) and regulation of cognition when reading scientific texts (Michalsky et al., 2009; Spence, Yore, & Williams, 1999; Yore, Bisanz, & Hand, 2003).
'Science literacies' have been described in education literature for some decades (Moje et al., 2004; Yore, Bisanz & Hand, 2003).