Bischoff, Theodor Ludwig

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bischoff, Theodor Ludwig


Born Oct. 28, 1807, in Hanover; died Dec. 5, 1882, in Munich. German anatomist, embryologist, and physiologist. Professor at the universities of Heidelberg (1836–43), Giessen (1843–54), and Munich (1854–78).

Bischoff’s principal work was done in the embryology of mammals (rabbit, dog, guinea pig, and roe deer) and of man. He observed the early stages of maturation and development of the ovum in mammals, and in 1838 he described the process of egg division. He was one of the first to apply cell theory to embryology. He also worked on comparative studies of brain size in monkeys and humans.


Entwicklungsgeschichte der Säugethiere und des Menschen. Leipzig, 1842.
Entwicklungsgeschichte des Kaninchen-Eies. Braunschweig, 1842.
Entwicklungsgeschichte des Rehes. Giessen, 1854.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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