Thirty-nine Articles

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Thirty-nine Articles:

see creedcreed
[Lat. credo=I believe], summary of basic doctrines of faith. The following are historically important Christian creeds.

1 The Nicene Creed, beginning, "I believe in one God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and
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However, an essay in English largely based on it, apparently written in the hand of Richard Moryson, is to be found in the Public Record Office.(7) This has been seen as part of the preparatory work for the Institution of a Christian Man, or Bishops' Book, of 1537.(8) However, like this essay, it begins with enough references to the foreign situation for us to suppose that it, too, had an eye to the negotiations with the Lutherans.(9) Moryson's work is clearly secondary to the present one, as comparison with the sources of De Sacramentis immediately shows (for example, the use of Melanchthon's Loci Communes).(10)
These Articles were incorporated in the Bishops' Book. The other four sacraments are also discussed, and of these the treatment of marriage and unction show particular connections with De Sacramentis.(18) There is nothing of note, for our purposes, in the discussion of confirmation and orders.(19) De Sacramentis fits in the context of these official publications when there is discussion of how many sacraments should be recognized and also specific connections in particular instances.
Alexander Aless, who reported the event, says it was in 1537, and in this respect he is followed by Jasper Ridley.(22) Basil Hall follows earlier writers in placing the debate in 1536.(23) The earlier date would suggest that the discussions led up to the promulgation of the Ten Articles; the later date has been taken to imply the drafting of the Bishops' Book. It is possible, given the new evidence here presented, that the debate was in fact looking more towards the negotiations which were being pursued with the Lutherans throughout this period, but that is not in any way a necessary conclusion.