Bismarck Archipelago


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Bismarck Archipelago: New Hanover Island

Bismarck Archipelago,

volcanic island group, 19,200 sq mi (49,730 sq km), SW Pacific, a part of Papua New Guinea. The group includes New BritainNew Britain,
volcanic island (1990 pop. 315,649), c.14,600 sq mi (37,810 sq km), SW Pacific, largest island of the Bismarck Archipelago and part of Papua New Guinea, in which it forms two provinces (East and West New Britain). Rabaul is the chief town and port.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (the largest island), New IrelandNew Ireland,
volcanic island (1990 pop. 64,615), c.3,340 sq mi (8,650 sq km), SW Pacific, in the Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea. New Ireland is largely mountainous, rising to c.4,000 ft (1,220 m). Much of the island is under cultivation, especially the east coast.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the Admiralty IslandsAdmiralty Islands,
group of 40 volcanic islands, c.800 sq mi (2,070 sq km), SW Pacific, in the Bismarck Archipelago and part of Papua New Guinea. Lorengau, the chief port and administrative center of the group, is on Manus, the largest island.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the Mussau Islands, New HanoverNew Hanover
or Lavongai
, volcanic island, c.460 sq mi (1,190 sq km), in the Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea. New Hanover is mountainous and densely forested. Coconuts, fishing, and timber are economically important.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the Vitu IslandsVitu Islands
, volcanic group, 37 sq mi (96 sq km), in the Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea. Garove and Unea are the largest islands. The group is the chief copra center of Papua New Guinea. Formerly called the French Islands, the group is sometimes known as the Witu Islands.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and the Duke of York IslandsDuke of York Islands,
group of 13 coral islands, 23 sq mi (60 sq km), SW Pacific, in the Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea. There are several coconut plantations. Duke of York Island is the largest of the group, which was formerly called Neu Lauenburg.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The islands are generally mountainous and have several active volcanoes. The chief agricultural products are copra, cacao, coffee, tea, and rubber. Some copper and gold are mined. The inhabitants are mainly Melanesians.

Visited in 1616 by the Dutch explorer Willem SchoutenSchouten, Willem Cornelis
, 1567?–1625, Dutch navigator. In 1615 he sailed from Texel island, Holland, in command of an expedition whose objective was to evade the trade restrictions of the Dutch East India Company by finding a new route to the Pacific.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the group became a German protectorate in 1884. Seized by Australian forces in World War I, the islands were mandated to Australia by the League of Nations in 1920. Japan operated several naval and air bases in the islands during World War II. In 1947, Australia received trusteeship over the group from the United Nations, which were administered as part of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. The archipelago was included in Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea
, officially Independent State of Papua New Guinea, independent Commonwealth nation (2005 est. pop. 5,545,000), 183,540 sq mi (475,369 sq km), SW Pacific.
..... Click the link for more information.
 when it established as a self-governing country in 1973.

Bismarck Archipelago

a group of over 200 islands in the SW Pacific, northeast of New Guinea: part of Papua New Guinea. Main islands: New Britain, New Ireland, Lavongai, and the Admiralty Islands. Chief town: Rabaul, on New Britain. Pop.: 424 000 (1995 est.). Area: 49 658 sq. km (19 173 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The appearance of Lapita pottery, primarily dentatestamped, in the Bismarck Archipelago is a major event in Pacific history (e.
There have been various reviews of the radiocarbon dates for early Lapita sites, especially within the Bismarck Archipelago (Kirch and Hunt 1988; Specht and Gosden 1997; Kirch 2001; Summerhayes 2001,2010; Spriggs 2003; Specht 2007).
It seems likely there was a 'voyaging corridor' between the islands of Southeast Asia and the Bismarck Archipelago carrying maritime traders who brought their language and artefacts and perhaps helped to create the impetus for the migration into the Pacific," he added.
The spatial pattern of these four interaction spheres demonstrates the existence of a complex set of cross-cutting social networks within the New Guinea highlands and which created links to the islands of the Bismarck Archipelago during the mid-Holocene.
We propose that the mortar and pestles style zones and the spatial distribution of obsidian stemmed tools are the consequences of extensive social networks in New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago during the mid-Holocene, c.
Lapita pottery had appeared in the Bismarck Archipelago by 3,300 years ago.
Characterisation and sourcing of this obsidian has played a significant role in the examination of origins of Lapita cultural patterns, changing patterns of regional interaction in the Bismarck Archipelago, long-distance transport and interaction in the Lapita period, and chronology of resource use.
It was concluded that some samples could be sourced to the Bismarck Archipelago with Talasea in West New Britain identified as the likely source, while the rest of the samples were assigned to the Banks Islands sources.
1], M15, M1, M16) shared with late Lapita assemblages in the Bismarck Archipelago that were taken as evidence for "continued widespread interaction" across the Lapita range.
Microfossil evidence of possible food plants associated with Lapita from the Bismarck Archipelago includes starch grains and raphides of Colocasia esculenta, identified in New Ireland (Crowther 2002).
1999) (Figure 1), provides an opportunity for re-examining their model of Pleistocene colonisation in the Bismarck Archipelago from the perspective of a very different environmental setting.
Fourteen papers deal with locally or regionally specific aspects of archaeological data, covering a geographic range from Southeast Asia and New Guinea through the Bismarck Archipelago, Solomons, Vanuatu, New Caledonia to Fiji.